India Topic 1


How did WW1 change the relations between Indians a

  • Declaration of war was supported by Indians 
  • India supplied over 1.25 million men and £1.50 million to the war effort
  • Gandhi gave support 1914
  • Bal Tilak - Most radical influential leader of Congress
  • 12th October 1914 first Indian troops arrived in Flanders 
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Effects of War on Congress

  • 1916 Congress and Muslim league agreed on a joint strategy at Lucknow Pact
  • Ending of the partition of Bengal 1911 = reduced criticism on Congress
  • Muslim League significant because membership grew = more unity 
  • The outbreak of war = support for Britain
  • Muslims guaranteed representation in India assembly if supported Britain
  • Saw war as a chance to develop the new idea of home rule  
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Why were the Rowlatt acts important?

  • After WW1 Indians expecting some form of self-government
  • Hopes dashed by Montagu-Chelmsford 
  • Allowed Gandhi to emerge as the leader of Congress
  • Tilak died in 1920 so Gandhi unchallenged
  • Suggested British government no intention of relaxing its grip  
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How did British government react?

  • Executive council set up 
  • Council of state set up
  • British members of the council dealt with defence, taxation and foreign relations
  • The provincial government now both Indian and British prime ministers
  • 1917-1918 Montagu visited India 
  • 1918 - Montagu-Chelmsford reforms 
  • Montagu declaration = more Indian involvement in administration and government 
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Why was Amritsar important?

  • Unrest for India 
  • 5 British killed
  • Britain failed to offer a reward for WW1
  • Further unrest Indian demonstrator killed 
  • General Dyer = Banned all religious public meetings
  • Marched into Amritsar and killed 379 people 
  • Marica Sherwood assaulted by youths = Dyer ordered all Indians who passed down the street to crawl 
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Other Resources

I have other helpful resources on my account summarising India with more yet to come!



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