Improving Shanty Towns via Schemes

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Self-help Schemes

  • These involve the government and local people working together to improve life in the settlement.
  • The government supplies building materials and local people use them to build their own homes.
  • This helps to provide better housing and the money saved on labour can be used to provide basic services like electricity and sewers.
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Site and Service Schemes

  • People pay a small amount of rent for a site, and they can borrow money to buy building materials to build or improve a house on their plot.
  • The rent money is then used to provide basic services for the area.
  • An example is the Dandora Scheme in Nairobi, Kenya.
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Local Authority Schemes

  • These are funded by the local goverment and are about improving the temporary accommodation built by residents.
  • For example, the City of Rio (Brazil) spend $120 million on the Favela-Bairro Project, which aimed to improve life for the inhabitants of Rio de Janeiro's favelas.
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