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1 Rocinha: Housing in an Urban Area
> Tenure, access, opportunities, constraints and patterns.
Location: Rio de Janeiro's South Zone between the districts of São Conrado and Gávea.
- Built on a steep hillside overlooking the city just 1 kilometre from the beach.
- Largest favela (shanty town) in Rio de Janeiro and one of the most developed.
- Developed from a typical shanty town and now can be classified as a neighbourhood.
- Flash floods can carry away flimsy housing, local authority works with residents to improve
- Today, almost all the houses in Rocinha are made from concrete and brick.
- Most houses are 3-4 stories tall and they all have basic sanitation, plumbing and
- Hundreds of businesses and banks, medicine stores, bus lanes and cable television. This has
helped it to become a favela neighbourhood.
- Houses 100,000 people, but the pathways between the buildings are too narrow for cars,
showing the close proximity in which the citizens live in, meaning everything must be
moved by hand.
- Houses are small yet solid, and if another room is needed, it is built on top of the house.
- This Favela is quite developed, with schools, bars, shops and some health provision, with a
lot of - community support.
- People move out from this Favela once they make sufficient money.
- Middle class people are moving to new towns, but these shanty homes are still popular
and in high demand.
- Standpipes provide running water and some people may have used skills to earn money
by using their homes as shops (e.g. hairdressing).
- Unpaved roads are usually present and there may be some shared toilets available.
*These shanty town areas although improved still have many of the same problems as the
squatter camps such as overcrowding, disease and extreme poverty.*
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- Local authority provides breeze-blocks and roofing tiles, people provide the labour.
- Money saved is used to provide electricity, water supplies etc.
- Water tanks on roofs collect rainwater, which supplies water for an outside water basin &
- Example `Favela Bairro Project'; an attempt to bring favela areas in line with Rio.
- Schemes have succeeded helped approx. 500,000 people in Rio.
> Improved health and reduced disease.
> Councils make money because families pay rent for new homes.…read more