The Spread of HIV/AIDS and stats
first appeared in 1959 but properly established in 1979
by 1989 the ARVs were created and approved in America
by 1991 10 million were diagnosed with HIV/AIDS
In 2006 40million living wih HIV/AIDS 60% in Sub-sahara Africa and 20% in South and South East Asia
In 2006 killed 2.1 million
has reduced the life expectancy of people in South Africa by 15-20 years
leading cause of death in South Africa
why the spread?
Lots of taboos on sex so it not talked about often therefore lack of sex ed as well as lack of education on hygiene
men often have out of marriage relationships as many work away from home- mobile population- mulitple partners=bigger spread
Older men initiate sex with younger girls
lack of condoms- hard and expensive to distribute- men also reluctant to use it
Also reluctancy to find out whether they have contracted AIDS because this can cause discrimination in the community. Often made outcasts and finding employment is hard
Why are so many dieing?
Lack of ARVs at affordable prices- problems wih distribution too
Reluctancy= late on set of treatment which is much less effective
poverty=poor diet=lower immunity---lack of reistance to other illnesses (opportunistic infections) caused by HIV destroying the immune system
poor living conditions=vulnerable to TB which is often principle cause of death for HIV + people
Why is it damaging to the economy?
strikes at the age of adult maturity---> also the age of potential productivity so work force is reduced.
less work force=less economy
Hits everybody therefore waste of investment of education and training
Many children end up on the street as there isn't the money for orphanages- younger children have to work and many are born with HIV/AIDS - also unable to go to school- less skilled workers and so lessens the work force and economy
cost of treatment and pallative care=Huge budget, more than that of their current Healthcare budget