HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa

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  • Created by: Revisiola
  • Created on: 14-05-16 16:51
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  • HIV / AIDS - Sub-Saharan African countries
    • Distribution of causes
      • 66%  of the population living with HIV/AIDS live in Sub-Saharan Africa
      • Gender inequality - in African countries men are socially domenant
      • Society - people are more reluctant to get tested
      • Limited health and sex education - people aren't aware
      • Limited health care- people are less likely to get diagnosed, so they're more likely to pass the disease on
    • Distribution of Deaths
      • Over 70% of global deaths from HIV/AIDS occur in Sub-Saharan Africa
      • Poor health care
        • Aren't affordable or available
      • Poor health , nutrition and hygiene- increases the risk of other infections that can be fatal as HIV destroys the immune system
    • Impacts
      • Education
        • many families cant afford to send their children to school due to medical expenses
        • The cost of replacement teachers places an extra burden
        • Many children are withdrawn from education to  help at home and take paid work
      • Household
        • Many people cant work because they have to care for their families, which can lead to extreme poverty
        • economically active members become sick
          • income fell by 66-80% in South Africa
        • medication/ funeral costs can consume 1/3 of the household income
        • 15 million children have been orphaned
          • children are vulnerable to sexual abuse
          • child headed households
      • Health services
        • 50% of the budget is spent on health care in Zimbabwe
        • over half of the hospital beds are occupied by AIDS patients
        • health workers become infected and  later are too ill to work
      • Women
        • women are more vulnerable to sexual violence , negotiating condom use can be difficult
        • Women are more likely to care for those with HIV
        • Grandmothers are becoming carers for their orphan grandchildren
      • Agriculture
        • 70% of employment
        • by 2020 , 20% of workers will be lost due to AIDS
        • Implications
          • Farmers switch to less labour intensive jobs
          • over 30% of household saw their agriculture output halved by the effect of HIV
          • increased labour costs
      • Demographic
        • In Eastern and Southern African countries up to 60% of today's 15 year olds will not reach their 60th
        • since 1999 , life expectancy has fallen in 38 African countries due to AIDS
        • Life expectancy is predicted to fall below 35 in Zimbabwe , Zambia and Swaziland

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