The Wall Street crash
How did the Wall Street crash gain the Nazi party support from the public?
- The Wall Street crash meant that the USA had to recall all of it's post war loans
- Unfortunately for Germany their whole economy relied upon the borrowed money, sending them into an economic downfall
- Because the country in a depression the Nazi party seemed like a real option to the public as they were willing to making real changes and give people jobs
The 1932 election
What was the result of the 1932 election, and who was he in power with?
- The result of the 1932 election was that the Nazi's won 37% of the German vote
- Hitler Became the Chancellor on 30th January 1933, and Hindenberg was remained President
Hitlers limated power?
What were Von Papens thoughts on Hitler becoming Chancellor?
Why was Hitler's power in the Reichstag limited and what did he do about it?
- Von Papem thought that he should be the Vice chanllelor so that he could control Hitler
- Hitler had only two other members of the Nazi party in the cabinet so had almost no control so called a general election within his first 24 hours of being in charge in hope that he would gain more support.
Reichstag Fire - 27th Feburary
What was the effect of the fire?
- The effect of the fire was that because it was thought to be a communist plot Hitler could arrest all the opposition party leaders and members
- It was also used as a means of persuasion to get Hindenburg to sign the emergency decrees act giving them the power to persecute all opposition
The General election
How fair was the election and why?
What was the result?
The day of Potsdam- 21st March
Because of the violent nature of the election campaign, how did Hitler ease the minds of the army and the industrialists?
- Hitler reassured them that was not violent (which worked!) and gained their support, from this the Volksgemeinschaft was created.
The Enabling act 23rd March
What was the act and under what circumstances did the Reich stag pass it?
- The act meant that Hitler no longer had to go through the Reichstag to pass new laws, so could just make them himself.
- At the Kroll opera house, where the vote took place there was a huge Nazi presence, with banners everywhere and a massive SS and SA presence who didn't allow the opposition in to vote and beat up people who spoke out against it.
The night of the long knifes
When and what was the night of the long knifes?
- It was the murder (under orders from Hitler) of 82 SA officals, including its leader Ernst Rohm, by the SS on 30th June 1934
- The reason was that the SA had become too large, powerful and thugish. They also wanted to combine themselfes with the Army, and there was also a rummour that Rohm was plotting against Hitler.
- The result was people were pleased that Hitler and ended what they saw as possable blood shed > therefore ended well for Hitler.
How did Hindenburg's death on August 2nd 1934 effect Germany?
- It meant that there was no longer anyone in Hitler's way
- Hitler have himself the role of President and combined it with Chancellor to make the role of Fuhrer (supreme leader)
- After this he made the army swear allegiance to him so he was in total power and he had his dictatorship
The formation of new parties
When was it made illegal to be part of or run any groups that weren't Nazi run?
- 14th July 1935