The Road from Chancellor to Führer

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The Road from Chancellor to Führer
Key questions:
How did Hitler and the Nazis consolidate their power from January 1933 to August
1934?
How did Hitler and the Nazis rise to power in the period January 1933 to August 1934?
What were the legal/terror/propaganda means of the road from Chancellor to Führer
from January 1933 to August 1934?
Step 1: Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany (30th
January 1933)
Step 2: The Reichstag Fire (27th February 1933) and
consequent Decree for the Protection of the People and State
(28th February 1933)
Step 3: The General Election (5th March 1933)
Step 4: The Day of Potsdam (21st March 1933)
Step 5: The Enabling Law (23rd March 1933)
Step 6: The abolition of Trade Unions (2nd May 1933)
Step 7: The abolition of all other political parties `One Party
State' (14th July 1933)
Step 8: The abolition of all provincial legislatures (January
1934)
Step 9: The Night of the Long Knives (30th June ­ 2nd July
1934)
Step 10: The death of President Hindenburg (2nd August 1934)
Step 11: The Army Oath of Allegiance (Becomes law 20th
August 1934)
Legal terms/means.
Terror terms/means.

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Page 2

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Propaganda terms/means.…read more

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Step 1: Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany (30th January 1933)
Now occupies the second most important political position in Germany
after President.
Still does not have the majority in the Reichstag (only 33.1% of the vote)
Only two other ministers in the cabinet ­ Frick (Minister of the Interior)
and Goring (Minister without Portfolio). Cabinet is dominated by
Nationalists/Conservatives.
Von Papen is Vice-Chancellor; believed that Hitler could be tamed and
assured Hindenburg that he would be keeping a close eye on Hitler.…read more

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Step 4: The Day at Potsdam (21st March 1933)
Hitler, as stated, needed the support of the Centre Party and the
Nationalists.
Religious service held at Potsdam Garrison Church to mark the opening
of the `New Parliament'. This religious service was attended by
Hindenburg, the Crown Prince, also Kaiser Wilhelm's nephew and many
of those in the upper echelons of government and army. Many chief
players within the right wing present.…read more

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Volkischer Beobachter (the Nazi Newspaper) stated, "The
days of the Third Reich has come."
Step 6: The abolition of Trade Unionism (2nd May 1933)
Variety of Trade Unions existed in Germany under the Weimar Republic.
These unions represented the rights of the workers.
As far as Hitler was concerned, these organisations were intolerable as
they had too much power in dictating to the Government regarding pay
and working conditions.…read more

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Reichstag and the provincial parliaments moved in the
same direction.
In January 1934, the provincial parliaments were abolished (as was the
Upper House of the Reichstag known as the Reichsrat) and all
provincial matters were now under the control of the Ministry of the
Interior; overall Germany was now a military state as there was now
only one Nazi run Parliament.…read more

Page 7

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The day after Hindenburg's death (3rd August 1934), Hitler passed a law
stated that, upon the death of Hindenburg, the offices of Chancellor
and President would be combined into the office of Fuhrer which would
be assumed by Hitler. Note that the position of Fuhrer would not simply
entail combing the powers of the Chancellor with those of the
President; the Fuhrership would be synonymous with dictatorship.…read more

Page 8

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Army oath of Allegiance ­ Becomes Law 20th August 1934
Key Question: To what extent was legal/terror/propaganda means responsible for Nazi consolidation
of power January 1933 ­ August 1934?
Legal Means Terror Means Propaganda Means
Article 48 to declare State of Reichstag Fire, place blame on Day at Potsdam to secure
Emergency following the Communists. Nazis use support of Far Right. Linking
Reichstag Fire. (27th - 28th subsequent state of emergency the Kaiser Reich with the Third
February 1933) to arrest and intern Reich.…read more

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