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The Road from Chancellor to Führer

Key questions:

How did Hitler and the Nazis consolidate their power from January 1933 to August
1934?

How did Hitler and the Nazis rise to power in the period January 1933 to August 1934?

What were the legal/terror/propaganda means of the road from Chancellor…

Page 2

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Propaganda terms/means.

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Step 1: Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany (30th January 1933)

Now occupies the second most important political position in Germany
after President.
Still does not have the majority in the Reichstag (only 33.1% of the vote)
Only two other ministers in the cabinet ­ Frick (Minister of the Interior)…

Page 4

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Step 4: The Day at Potsdam (21st March 1933)

Hitler, as stated, needed the support of the Centre Party and the
Nationalists.
Religious service held at Potsdam Garrison Church to mark the opening
of the `New Parliament'. This religious service was attended by
Hindenburg, the Crown Prince, also Kaiser Wilhelm's…

Page 5

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all, as the Volkischer Beobachter (the Nazi Newspaper) stated, "The
days of the Third Reich has come."

Step 6: The abolition of Trade Unionism (2nd May 1933)

Variety of Trade Unions existed in Germany under the Weimar Republic.
These unions represented the rights of the workers.
As far as Hitler…

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ensure that the Reichstag and the provincial parliaments moved in the
same direction.
In January 1934, the provincial parliaments were abolished (as was the
Upper House of the Reichstag known as the Reichsrat) and all
provincial matters were now under the control of the Ministry of the
Interior; overall Germany…

Page 7

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The day after Hindenburg's death (3rd August 1934), Hitler passed a law
stated that, upon the death of Hindenburg, the offices of Chancellor
and President would be combined into the office of Fuhrer which would
be assumed by Hitler. Note that the position of Fuhrer would not simply
entail combing…

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Army oath of Allegiance ­ Becomes Law 20th August 1934



Key Question: To what extent was legal/terror/propaganda means responsible for Nazi consolidation
of power January 1933 ­ August 1934?

Legal Means Terror Means Propaganda Means
Article 48 to declare State of Reichstag Fire, place blame on Day at Potsdam to…

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