Hip - Hop Main Artists

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  • Created by: Robyn
  • Created on: 15-05-13 18:09

Grandmaster Flash

  • Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel (1981) (Track) Features heavy scratching and sampling
  • The Message (Track) (1982) First mainstream song to provide social commentary, rather than lyrics about partying.

Contributions:

  • Invention of the cross fader (Allows switching between decks)
  • Invention of the backspin technique (Spinning to a certain part on the record)
  • use of Punch phrasing (Short phrases from samples)
  • Scratching

Influenced by:

  • Sugarhill Gang
  • G.M Flowers
  • Chic
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The Sugarhill Gang

Tracks:

  • Apache (1981)
  • Rapper's Delight (1979) First song to become 'mainstream' Lyrics are fun/catchy. Uses sample from Chic's "Good times"

Contributions:

  • Considered to be the first act to put hip hop in the charts

Influenced:

  • LL Cool J
  • Beastie Boys
  • Run DMC
  • Will Smith
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NWA

Tracks:

  • Straight outta Compton (1988) 
  • Fuck tha Police (1988) provoked the FBI to caution N.W.A's record company about the lyrics. The slogan continues to influence pop culture.

Contributions:

  • One of the first acts to "Glamourise" the gangsta lifestyle
  • Controversial lyrics

Influenced:                             Influences:

  • Tupac                   Public Enemy          Beastie Boys
  • Snoop Dogg          G.M Flash                LL Cool J
  • Eminem                Run DMC
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Public Enemy

Tracks:

  • Fight the Power (1989) incorporates various samples and allusions to African - American Culture, including civil rights exhortations, black church services, and the music of James Brown.
  • Public enemy #1 (1987)

Contributions:

  • One of the first groups to do well internationally
  • One of the only groups to show political/social/cultural consciousness

Influenced:

  • NWA
  • Eminem
  • Busta Rhymes
  • Ice Cube
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