Rome-Berlin axis November 1936
- Friendship agreement between Hitler and Mussolini
- Mussolini angry at British (bad press) and French (left wing govt)
- Agreed on each other's foreign policies
- Both supported Spanish Civil War
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Anti Comintern Pact November 1937
- Joined Germany and Japan: all against Communism
- Emphasised their common front
- December 1937: Italy withdraws from League of Nations
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Munich Conference September 1938
- Seen as a diplomat: discussions with Britain and France.
- Carried out deals agreed earlier with Hitler
- Was becoming the junior partner in German alliance
- Kept good relations with Britain, France, and Germany.
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Invasion of Albania April 1939
- Italy invaded Albania
- Italy realising its destiny: taking over weaker and inferior states
- Made him unpopular with French and British
- They signed pacts with Greece and Turkey protecting them. Mussolini saw this as a threat to him.
- Increasingly reliant on Hitler's friendship
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Pact of Steel May 1939
- Italy tied into a war with Germany: if Germany became involved in a war, Italy must join them
- Well and truly on Germany's side.
- Mussolini did not realise the full impact of signing this pact. Still angry at France and Britain for protecting Greece and Turkey.
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