B: The Rise of the Third Reich

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: BeccaEK
  • Created on: 20-04-15 20:32
View mindmap
  • The Rise of the Third Reich
    • Nazism in practice
      • Totalitarian regime
        • Tried to control every aspect of life
      • Media censorship
        • Newspapers, radio etc controlled by Nazis
        • Books by Jews + other opposed groups burnt
      • Hitler Youth
        • Boys prepared for military service
        • Girls prepared to be good mothers and housewives
        • Stressed 'Strength through joy'
    • Formation of Nazi party
      • Hitler came in contact with DAP
        • He enrolled almost immediately
      • Oct 1919 Hitler organised 1st public meeting
        • Feb 1920 further open mass meeting
      • 25 Point Plan
        • Anti-Versailles, anti-Semitic, anti-capitalist
        • Changed name to NSDAP
      • May 1920 Hitler left army to concentrate on politics
        • 1921 - became chairman + Fuhrer of NSDAP
    • Nazi party after Munich putsch
      • Extremely significant, despite faling
      • Hitler allowed to make long speech at trial
        • Attracted attention from right wind sympathisers
        • In elections of 1924 NSDAP won 32 seats in Reichstag
        • During imprisonment he wrote Mein Kampf
        • Short term - party struggled with Hitler absent
    • Mein Kampf
      • Completed after release from prison
      • Germany should overthrow ToV + rearm
      • Aryan race = pure
        • Jews etc should be eliminated
      • Lebensraum = living space needed
    • Hitler's problems on release from jail
      • Divisions had developed in NSDAP
      • Electoral support had not been sustained in Dec 1924
        • Membership of party also in decline
    • Bamberg Conference
      • Feb 1926 Hitler firmly reestablished control
        • No room for disagreement with his views
      • Party re-structured
        • Country split into Gaue
          • Each controlled by Gaueleiter
      • SA brought under direct control of party leaders
        • SS set up to ensure Hitler's personal safety
    • Impact of slump in town + country
      • Nationalism
        • Used anti-Weimar ideas n propaganda
      • Economic problems
        • Recalled hyperinflation years
          • Reminder of failure to deal with this
        • 1929 23% population unemployed
        • Appealed to small + big businesses
      • Anti-Communism
        • Manipulated existing fear of Communism
      • Anti-Semitism
        • Had little appeal to the majority
    • Use of propaganda
      • Goebbels = Propaganda minister
        • Took control of all media at local + national levels
      • Used radio broadcasts, posters + pamphlets
        • Message always clear
          • Loudspeakers used at rallies
    • Violence and intimidation
      • 1930 SA offered food, shelter, uniform + purpose to young men
        • Number increased to about 500,000
        • Protected speakers at rallies etc
        • Often initiated violence but created impression of an organised party
    • Growing support
      • More successful in...
        • Rural areas
        • Protestant areas
        • Northern Germany
        • Appealing to middle class
        • Appealing to the young
        • Attracting new voters
    • Opposition
      • 1930-1933 limited
        • Nazis not seen as a threat
        • KPD = main opponents
    • Wall Street Crash
      • Oct 1929 - America stopped providing loans
        • Demanded repayment of outstanding debts
      • Late 1929 3million unemplyed
      • Fear of Communism rose
      • The Depression
        • Nazis carefully exploited anxiety towards this
          • Got 18% vote in 1930 election
            • Membership grew to 400,000
    • Coming to power
      • 1930-1932 BRUNING = chancellor
        • Deeply unpopular
        • Did not have support of Reichstag
      • 1932 Presidential elections
        • Hindenburg re-elected after 2 ballots
        • Hitler lost
          • But now clearly opposition leader
      • June-Dec 1932 VON PAPEN = chancellor
        • Hitler refused to serve under him as vice-chancellor
          • Hindenburg would not make him chancellor
      • Dec 1932 - Jan 1933 VON SCHLEICHER as chancellor
        • Hoped to create split in Nazi party but failed
        • Asked to rule by decree but Hindenburg refused
        • Von Papen sought revenge
          • Prepared to form political alliance with Hitler
            • Jan 1933 agreed Hitler would be chancellor and Von Papen vice-chancellor
              • 30th Jan - Hitler appointed Chancellor

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Germany: Nationalism resources »