First Aid

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  • Created by: Kalisha
  • Created on: 08-01-13 11:37

First Aid Hygiene

 

 

 

Step 1.  Wash hand with warm water and liquid soap, you can also use antiseptic .(washing thoroughly finger and nails, so that you don’t pass on any form of germs or bacteria) germs can spread easily if  you don't.

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First Aid Hygiene

 

 

 

Step 2.  If casualty is bleeding where protective gloves, gloves offer sufficient protection when contact with blood or any other body fluids. (Latex or nitrile gloves are better)  Keep them in a first box only. So that you or the casualty don't catch any diseases.

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First Aid Hygiene

 

 

 

Step 3.  Do not touch an unclean object after wearing the gloves and before giving first aid treatment as this can cause infection.

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First Aid Hygiene

 

 

 

Step 4. If possible where protected clothing over your outfit., because if you don't it can cause you to catch some sort of germs

 

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First Aid Hygiene

 

 

 

Step 5. You can wear a mask or cover your face with a face shield while performing resuscitation. So that you don't breath or cough any germs or bacteria.

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First Aid Hygiene

 

 

 

Step 6.  Avoid coughing or speaking while cleaning or bandaging the wound. As this will  prevent any infections.

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First Aid Hygiene

 

 

 

Step 7.  You should use only clean clothes, tissues, bandages and dressings. Ensure tweezers and scissors in your first aid kit are sterilized properly before use.

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First Aid Hygiene

 

 

 

Step 8.  If you need to give first aid to more than one casualty, you must wash your hands and change gloves each time to avoid infection.

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First AId Hyigiene

 

 

 

Step 9. After giving first aid, clean up thoroughly.  Dispose bandages, gloves, dressings and soiled clothing safely. In the first aid yellow bin   or  in a yellow biohazard bag. So other people are aware that it is contaminated waste.

 

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First Aid Hygiene

 

 

 

Step 10.  Wash hands with liquid soap thoroughly, even if you use gloves.  To make sure your hands a thoroughly clean, so that you cant harm your self with an infection or passing on any germs.

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First AId Hygiene

 

 

 

Step 11. If your eyes are contaminated while giving first aid, rinse them thoroughly with water or saline.

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First Aid Hygiene

 

 

 

Step 12.Remember to wash clothes that you wore at the time of administering first aid treatment. Dirty clothes can spread infectious germs to your family

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Importances of First Aid

 

 

1.      Wash hand with warm water and liquid soap, you can also use so antiseptic.(washing thoroughly finger and nails, so that you don’t pass on any form of germs or bacteria)

 

2.      If casualty is bleeding where protective gloves, gloves offer sufficient protection when contact with blood or any other body fluids. (Latex or nitrile gloves are better)  Keep them in a first box only.

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Importance of First Aid

 

 

5.      Do not touch an unclean object after wearing the gloves and before giving first aid treatment as this can cause infection.

 

4.      If possible where protected clothing over your outfit. This will help protect you from getting any infections.

 

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Importance of First Aid

 

 5.      You can wear a mask or cover your face with a face shield while performing resuscitation.

 

6.      Avoid coughing or speaking while cleaning or bandaging the wound.

 

7. You should use only clean clothes, tissues, bandages and dressings. Ensure tweezers and scissors in your first aid kit are sterilized properly before use.

 

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Sytoms for Asthma

Early warning signs of asthma include:

Frequent cough, especially at night Losing your breath easily or shortness of breath Feeling very tired or weak when exercising Wheezing or coughing after exercise Feeling tired, easily upset, grouchy, or moody Decreases or changes in lung function as measured on a peak flow meter Signs of a cold or allergies (sneezing, runny nose, cough, nasal congestion, sore throat, and headache) Trouble sleeping

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Asthma

 Symptoms  for Recognising an  Asthma Attach

  Coughing, especially at night Wheezing Shortness of breath Chest tightness, pain, or pressure  

What to do if someone was having an asthma attach?

 

1. Take one to two puffs of your reliever inhaler (usually blue), immediately.

2. Sit down and try to take slow, steady breaths.

3. If you do not start to feel better, take two puffs of your reliever inhaler (one puff at a time) every two minutes. You can take up to ten puffs.

4.If you do not feel better after taking your inhaler as above, or if you are worried at any time, call 999.

5.If an ambulance does not arrive within 10 minutes and you are still feeling unwell, repeat step 3.

 

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Sytoms of an Adult Chocking

- Coughing or gagging
Hand signals and panic (sometimes pointing to the throat)
- Sudden inability to talk
-Clutching the throat: The natural response to choking is to grab the throat with one or both hands. This is the universal choking sign and a way of telling people around you that you are choking.
Wheezing

-Passing out
- Turning blue: Cyanosis, a blue colouring to the skin, can be seen earliest around the face, lips, and fingernail beds. You may see this, but other critical choking signs would appear first.

If an Infant is chocking;
- Difficulty breathing  - Weak cry, weak cough, or both

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What to do if someone was chocking

 

Give Back Blows -Give up to 5 blows between the shoulder blades with the heel of your handIf Person Is Still Choking, Do Thrusts -Stand behind the person and wrap your arms around the waist.

Place your clenched fist just above the person’s navel. Grab your fist with your other hand.

Quickly pull inward and upward.

Continue cycles of 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts until the object is coughed up or the person starts to breathe or cough.

Take the object out of his mouth only if you can see it. Never do a finger sweep unless you can see the object in the person's mouth.

If the person is obese or pregnant, do high abdominal thrusts - Stand behind the person, wrap your arms them, and position your hands at the base of the breast bone.

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Chocking

 

Quickly pull inward and upward.

Repeat until the object is dislodged.

Give CPR, if Necessary - If the obstruction comes out, but the person is not breathing or if the person becomes unconscious

Follow Up - When emergency medical personnel arrive, they will take over and may do CPR or take the person to the hospital, if needed

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Symptoms for anaphylactic chock

 -  Red raised itchy skin rash

- Swelling of your eyes, lips, hands and feet - Narrowing of your airways which can cause breathing difficulties and wheezing

- Feeling like there is a lump inside your throat

- Sudden drop in blood pressure which can make you feel faint and dizzy

- Nausea

- Vomiting

- Strange metallic taste in the mouth,

- Sore, red, itchy eyes

- Feeling of impending doom like something terrible is going to happen

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What to do when someone is in anaphylactic shock??

 

1. See if casualty has an epinephrine, so they can inject them selves with. - This drug helps to reverse symptoms of an allergic reaction by:
-opening the airways

- improving blood pressure

-accelerating heart rate

Ask bystander to ring 999 and get help.

2. Having difficulty breathing: Keep them in an upright position.

3. Feeling faint or dizzy: Place the person on their back with their legs raised above heart level.

4. Vomiting: Place the person on their side with their head down.

5. Getting worse (but they are conscious and not vomiting): Place the person on their back while waiting to go to the ambulance

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