Developmental Norms

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Age 0-2 months Developmental Norms

Physical

Innate reflexes: startle; protective; gripping; sucking; rooting;crawling;stepping

Intellectual

No intellectual development at this age

Social & Emotional

Cries when cold, wet nappy, feeling hungary or uncomfortable; recognises mother's smell and voice and is soothed by it.

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Age 2-4 months developmental norms

Physical

Lifts head when lying face down; holds things placed in hands; turns head towards sounds

Intellectual

There is No intellectual development present at this age

Social and Emotional

Watches parent or carer's face; smiles and coos; enjoys being handled and cuddled

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Age 4-6 months Developmental Norms

Physical

Reaches for and grasps objects

Intellectual

Babbles short sounds, e.g. 'da da'.

Social and Emotional

Forms quick attachment to anyone; laughs and enjoys being played with

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Age 6-9 months Developmental Norms

Physical

Sits Unaided; rolls over; transfers object from one hand to the other

Intellectual

Understands some words; uses noises and gestures, experiences object permanence

Social and Emotional

Forms attachment with parents/ carer's; fears strangers

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Age 9-12 months Developmental Norms

Physical

Crawls; is learning to walk

Intellectual

Babbles repetitive souns, e.g. 'dadadadada'; babbling becomes more varied; at 10 months,understands 15 to 20 words; at 12 months can say 2 to 6 words, and can understand dozens more

Social and Emotional

Forms attachment with relatives and regular visitors; discriminates between strangers and familiar adults; plays peek-a-boo

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