day care

overview of day care and some studies showing support for day care and some who show opposition to day care

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  • 2 types of day care: nursery and childminding

day care can have negative effects:

  • high turnover of staff can lead to deprivation
  • being separatd from mum can cause issues
  • positive correlation between hours of day care and aggression
  • removing children from mum during critical period could cause emotional or social harm
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  • conducted in UK by Sylva et al
  • used children aged 3-11, 3000 were involved, a control group of children was used. the study included a large range of cultural backgrounds
  • high population validity as a range of cultures and large sample size were used
  • longitudinal study so it could suffer from attrition causing the results to be underestimated
  • found that high quality day care effected the children by giving them better social ability, concentration and independence
  • it improved a childs social, intellectual and behavioural development
  • the earlier a child started day care the bigger the improvement it had on their intellectual development
  • this suggests that day care is good
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  • more time a child spends in day care the more adults rate them as aggessive, disobidient and assertive
  • children who attended day care full time were 3 times more likely to argue, have a temper tantrum, lie and hit others
  • only a correlation so it doesn't tell us that day care causes aggressio, it just shows that the two are linked
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  • different results found to Belsky as she found that children who attended day care advanced in social development. they were more independent, behaved at the dinner table, complied with requests and had better interaction with friends
  • this shows that children can respond to day care in different ways
  • we don't know exactly why day care effects social development
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Belsky and Rovine

  • children who spend time in day care before the age of 1, are more likely to become insecurely attached
  • children become attention seeking, shy or aggressive and withdrawn depending  whether they have a type A or C attachment
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  • shown to increase a number of friends an child has, showing a postive link between day care and social ability
  • limitation- conducted 20 years ago so results may be out of date and therefore invalid. also its a corelation so it doesn't show us that day care is the cause of a imporved social development
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