Contemporary Media Regulation

OCR A2 Media Studies. Critical perspectives in the media. Section B. Q2


ASA: case study

April 2010: Israeli Government Tourist Office


Clause 7.1: Truthfulness

Claimed disputed parts of the Jerusalem were in Israel.

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ASA: case study

"This came at a time when UK-Israel relations were strained due to the recent expulsion of a diplomat and acted to generate accusations of “anti-Zionism” towards the British Authorities (Jewish Chronicle 2010). For many, this highlighted the objective and non-ideological nature of the self regulatory body which did not take government reputation as a factor in its regulation. However, this praise was countered by the many Israelis who felt offended by this decision and in the ASA’s politically fuelled decision to ban the advertisement, causing widespread offence."

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Co-regulation of broadcast advertising

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ASA: Co-regulation

Described as such due to OFCOM and ASA, alongside clear performance indicators and OFCOM guidelines, allows one stop shop for advertising and consistency across media platforms.

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ASA: Self-regulatory body

the ASA which was set up around two decades previously as their merging of the legal system and the industry through the Office of Fair Trading (OFT) was seen to be a success and overcame the criticism of lenient sanctions.

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ASA:self-regulatory body

Non broadcast political advertising not allowed to be regulated by the ASA due to 1998 Human Rights Act disallowing them from intruding on the democratic electoral process.

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PCC: Brief History

"There is a public interest in freedom of expression itself"

PCC editor's code of practice

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PCC: Brief History

1989:Set up in the place of press council to curb government intervention through imposing privacy laws to curb press intrusions into the private lives of individuals.

1993: Calcutt Report outlines harsher penalties and criticises the leniency of the public interest clause.

1998: Data protection Act limited storage of inappropriate information regarding individuals.

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Noam Chomsky: Propaganda model

Filters of the news:

Ownership-- Conglomerates extend beyond traditional media field and therefore have wide ranging financial interests. News stories which may damage these are censored. Therefore, the most successful news sources must be fundamentally biased.

Funding--Newspapers receive profit and income from advertising. therefore, those stories presented must create the illusion of a world where the advertised products will be successful.

Anti-ideologies-- Exploit public fear and hatred of groups to silence voices critical of elite interests.

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Michel Foucault: Technologies of the self

Self regulation is a system of regulation, allowing one to work on themselves through regulating mental and physical conduct.




Self Esteem

Bentham's panopticon. Foucault creates a panopticon analogy in which the mass media creates a surveillance society. Self regulation becomes a subconscious process controlled by the elite.

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