The Farming System
Types of Farming
Intensive - Lots of imputs per unit area --> lots of animals in the fields. lots of fertilizers used per hectare
Extensive - Few imputs per unit area --> few animals in the fields, less machinery used
Arable - farm that grows just crops
Pastoral - farm that rears animals only, no crops are grown
Mixed - farm where crops are grown and animals are reared
Subsistence - farm where no products are sold, instead they are eaten and used by the farmer and his family
Commercial - farm where products are sold, hopefully to make a profit
Key: --> = e.g.
Issues facing rural areas in developing countries
Rural development initiatives in Malawi
Fish Farming (Malawi)
World Vision has set up a project to develop fish farming in Malawian families affected by HIV/AIDS. It helps farmers to dig small, rain-fed ponds designed for common freshwater fish. Kitchen waste is used to feed the fish and provides a good source of income to the families. It has helped reduce children malnutrition from 45% to 15%. It has also doubled the income of 1200 households.