- A statement of beliefs
- Latin word 'creedo' meaning 'I believe'
- Statement that unites all Christians is : Jesus Christ My Lord and Saviour.
- Nicene : 'We believe in one God'. Said at Catholic mass
- Apostles creed legend that each of the apostles wrote part of it.
- Apostles: 'I believe in God'.
"Keep the Sabbath day Holy" Exodus 20,
"Love the Lord your God with all your heart soul and mind" Luke 10.
"God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten not made." Nicene
"He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary" Apostles
THE HOLY TRINITY
- Doctrine of the Trinity: GOD, God in human form of JESUS, God in form of HOLY SPIRIT
- Some compare it to water: water, steam and ice. Without water living can't survive (Perfect expression of Catholic belief)
- Celebrated/worshipped on Trinity Sunday (week after Pentecost)
- Unitarians (Christian denomination) do not believe in Trinity
- Jehovah's Witnesses do not believe Jesus is eternal as God made Jesus so they can't be equal
- These contrasting ideas are heretical (inconsistent with Church doctrine)
"The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father" CCC
"This is the Catholic faith: We worship one God in the Trinity" CCC
GOD AND JESUS AND THE HOLY SPIRIT
- Omniscience - Catholics believe God knows everything. Latin for 'al'-knowing'.
- Omnipotence - Catholics believe God has the power to do what he chooses. Eg - in the OT God parted the sea. NT - revealed his power through Jesus.
- Omnipresence - Catholics believe God can be everywhere at once.
- Intercession - people ask for help off Mary or Saints instead of praying directly to God.
- Son of David, Son of Man, King of the Jews, Son of God, Holy One of God.
- Orthodox & Catholic -Jesus was fully human and fully divine.
- 'Breath of God'
- Catholics believe when Jesus 'breathed his last', the Holy Spirit continued God's work on Earth.
- Early Catholics say THS as a messenger between Heaven and Earth; Dove
- Paraclete - Advocate/Comforter.
- 10 - oldest sets of prinicples for living. 3000 years old.
- Jew and Christians believe they were written on stone tablets.
- God gave them to Moses.
- Split into religious and social.
- 2 - "Love your God with all your heart, soul and strength." / "Love your neighbour as yourself" Mtt.
- SOTM - Collection of blessings, parables, interpretations and teachings about religious practices. 10 commandments, great commandments, beatitudes.
"You shall not misues the name of God" Exodus
"Honour you Mother and Father" Exodus
"Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven" Matthew.
- Natural evil: floods, hurricanes.
- Moral evil; violence, crime, abuse.
- Catholic response to evil in the world:
- Literal - devil exists in a real form. People like Hitler were possessed. Go to confession
- Fatalistic - God has given the world pain to test their faith. Visit the sick.
- Rational - There is a purpose to pain. Give something to charity.
- Church teaches there is no sin too grave for God to forgive. Just like Prodigal Son. Luke.
- Everyone is born with original sin. Apart from Mary. Eve bought original sin into world.
- Consequences of sin; hell or purgatory.
- Be judged after death.
- Salvation - Jesus died to save us. Reconciliation.
"He will come again to judge the living and the dead" Apostles Creed.
"For i was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me drink" Matthew.
MARY AND SAINTS
- Catholics admire her because;
- She accepted God's will, Witnessed the dreadful tragedy of Jesus, became the hub of the early community after Jesus' death.
- Communion of Saints - all Saints in heaven asking God to be merciful to humans and allow them into the Kingdom of Heaven.
- NT - Describes Saints as members of the early Christian Church.
- Maximilian Kolbe; provided shelter to refugees during WW2. Was arrested, took the place of a man that was starved to death. Patron Saint of pro-life, drugs, families.
- Blessed Mother Teresa; Began a ministry among the sick. Beatified by Pope John Paul.
- Padre Pio; Priest, suffered from poor health, bore the stigmata,wounds of Jesus. Canonised
- "Pray, hope and dont worry" Padre Pio
- "If you judge people, you have no time to love them" Blessed Mother Teresa.
- "Let us remember that love lies through sacrifice" Maximilian Kolbe.
- "The virgin will conceive and give birth to a Son" Isaiah.
- Ash Wednesday
- "All are from the dust, and to the dust they shall return" Ecclesiastes.
- "When you give to the needy, do not announce it with trumpets" Matthew
- "You killed the author of life, but God raised him from the dead" Acts.
- Holy Week
- All Saints Day
- "Every day spent with God is a pilgrimage" CCC
- Religious journey; physical or spiritual healing.
- Lourdes, Knock, Fatima, Bethlehem, Nazaret., Galilee, Assisi, Canterbury.
- Iona, Kintbury, Taizé (welcomes anyone from all over the world)
- Short term benefits; inspired, motivated.
- Long term benefits; join Pilgrimage Trust that take sick or disabled children on pilgrimage.
- Lourdes; international mass, torch light procession, baths, SOTC.