AQA RS unit 3 full notes

notes i used for my gcse revision. Exam is in 3 days and i am really confident by using this

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  • Created on: 13-05-11 11:00
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R.S Revision
Unit 3: Religion and Morality
Topic 1: Religious attitudes to matters of life
Where does life begin?
There are 3 main points at which people believe life begins either:
1. the moment of conception= when the sperm fertilizes the egg
2. at some point during pregnancy
3. when the baby is born and takes its first breath of air
The Sanctity of Life (life is sacred)
Sacred/ Sanctity- "Sanctus-holy-"set apart" from animal/plant life
Why is Life sacred?
Because it is a gift from God
Only human life has an awareness of and can respond to the "divine" and/or
ask ultimate questions about life and the after life
God created humans
Jews, Christians, Muslims believe that only humans can go to heaven and hell
Hindus and Sikhs- the ultimate aim is unity with God/ Brahman and break the
cycle of reincarnation (samsara)
Only humans can achieve this
Alternatives to Natural Conception:
Name of artificial How it Works Who may benefit?
IVF (in-vitro fertilisation) 1. the wife is injected The women may be afraid of
with hormones to having sex, as she might have
produce ova (eggs) had a horrific past about it. Or
2. they remove several the husband may not be able
ova from the wife to sustain erection
3. the husband The man can be physically
masturbates and his disabled so it would be difficult
semen is collected to obtain sex
4. the sperm is inserted The mother and father would
into the ovum in a benefit as they are having their
Petri dish using a own biological child
syringe The fallopian tube may be
5. one or two fertilised blocked. The sperm may be
are inserted into the lazy or their isn't enough of it.
wife's uterus
6. hopefully the
pregnancy continues
as normal
Artificial Insemination 1. the wife's fertility is The women and man would
2 types: good benefit as it is their own child.
1. AIH- by husband 2. either the husband or The man cannot sustain
2. AID- by donor the donor masturbates erection. Fear or hatred of sex.

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R.S Revision
and their sperm is In AID it helps husbands who
collected are in fertile.
3. the sperm is placed in
a pipette and is
inserted up the
women's cervix
4. hopefully the ovum is
fertilised and
pregnancy continues
as normal. The
difference between
AIH and AID is that the
sperm is either
donated by the
husband or by a donor.
Egg and Sperm Storage 1. both egg and sperm If they are losing fertility
can be stored for later because of age.…read more

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barren women are pitied, but considered unlucky and are not allowed in
religious ceremonies
Hindu's are allowed to divorce if women is infertile
If a woman cannot carry the foetus through pregnancy for example: because her
womb has had to be removed (hysterectomy) or she has a weak back and has to go
through labour, she and her husband may choose to use a surrogate mother.
There are two types of surrogacy:
1.…read more

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Super race?
Happens at an early stages of pregnancy
Taken out, then replaced with a healthy one
For: Against:
Can prevent hereditary disease e.g. Have to conduct embryo experiments
diabetes, Parkinson's, H.I.…read more

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Law of Karma decides which way the soul will go in the next life
Sage Charaka deals with internal medicine
Sage Gushruta includes features of organ and limb transplant
" is said that the soul is invisible...knowing this you should not grieve for the
body.…read more

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Muslims believe that life is sacred because it is created by Allah. To Muslims
euthanasia means humans choosing to end their life on their own which is referred
to playing God. This is wrong because only Allah has the right to decide when a
person should die. This interferes with Allah's plan and tests so therefore this is not
Jews believe that God is the creator of life, so therefore no-one has the right to take
it away.…read more

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Prayopavesa, or fasting to death, is an acceptable way for a Hindu to end their life in
certain circumstances
Prayopavesa is very different from what people mean by suicide:
It is non-violent and uses unnatural means
Its only used when it's the right time for his life to end
Unlike the suddenness of suicide, prayopavesa is a gradual process, giving
ample time for the patient and the ones around him o be prepared for his
death.…read more

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Nursing home Same as (residential), but with qualified
medical staff on site a all times
Adapt own homes As in (moving). You could arrange home
help e.g. care assistants, meals on
wheels, emergency cards
Sheltered accommodation A collection of flats/bungalows where
single/couples can move into specially
adapted housing and live fairly
independently. The area is overseen by a
warden who ensures that the residents
are safe
Care for the dying:
Palliative care=is the "total care" of patients who have life-limiting complex
diseases.…read more

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Social reasons show that a majority of young people who end up in prison excluded
from school so they lack education and qualifications. Law breaking may give them an
adrenaline rush and a feeling of importance. A lot of abusive and violent parents break
homes and leave children ignorant of acceptable behaviour.
During times of high unemployment, crime rates rise. Environmental reasons could
count as rivalry between gangs leading people to carry knives and guns.…read more


Paige Griffiths

An absolutely brilliant resource - Thankyou!




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