What's the charcteristics for Closed Loop Theory
- Decisions are made in the brain
- Not all of the information is sent together
- Information is received by the muscles to initiate the movement
- Feedback is always available and is vital to correct movement patterns and adjust to changing needs
What's The Open Loop Theory Consist Of?
Decisions are made in the brain
- All information for one movement is sent in a single message
- The message is received by the muscles which perform the movement
- Feedback may or may not be available but it doesn't control the action
This theory accounts well for fast continuous movements (e.g. a golf swing), although it does not work so well for slower movements which may involve reactions and repositioning (such as a gymnast on the balance beam).
What's the Schema Theory?
Schema: All of the information needed to make a movement decision. It is stored in the brain as a long-term memory.
What are Initial Conditions?
- Where is the: Goal; Opposition; Team mates
- What is the environment like?: Grass; Astro turf; Wet or dry; Wind
- What condition am I in?: Fresh; Tired; Injured
What are Response Specification
- How fast do I need to go?
- Where do I pass the ball to?
- How hard do I need to kick the ball?
- Which techniques will produce the best results?
How did it look?
How did it feel?