Acquisition of Skill

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  • Created by: allieka
  • Created on: 31-01-14 11:42

What's the charcteristics for Closed Loop Theory

  • Decisions are made in the brain
  • Not all of the information is sent together
  • Information is received by the muscles to initiate the movement
  • Feedback is always available and is vital to correct movement patterns and adjust to changing needs
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What's The Open Loop Theory Consist Of?

Decisions are made in the brain

  • All information for one movement is sent in a single message
  • The message is received by the muscles which perform the movement
  • Feedback may or may not be available but it doesn't control the action

This theory accounts well for fast continuous movements (e.g. a golf swing), although it does not work so well for slower movements which may involve reactions and repositioning (such as a gymnast on the balance beam).

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What's the Schema Theory?

 Schema: All of the information needed to make a movement decision. It is stored in the brain as a long-term memory.

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What are Initial Conditions?


  1. Where is the: Goal; Opposition; Team mates
  2. What is the environment like?: Grass; Astro turf; Wet or dry; Wind
  3. What condition am I in?: Fresh; Tired; Injured
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What are Response Specification


  1. How fast do I need to go?
  2. Where do I pass the ball to?
  3. How hard do I need to kick the ball?
  4. Which techniques will produce the best results?
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Extrinsic Feedback?

How did it look?

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Intrinsic Feedback?

How did it feel?

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