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PE REVISION AS




Acquiring movement skills

Classification of motor skills

Gross-Fine:
Gross skills involve large muscle movements. There is little concern for prevision. E.g running
and swimming
Fine skills involve intricate movements and use small muscle groups. E.g the wrist action of a
spin bowler in cricket
Open-Closed:
Open skills…

Page 2

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PE REVISION AS




It is essential the learner see the whole skill demonstrated prior to practise so they have an
image of the skill they are learning in their head.
Disadvantages: Can take longer to learn skill. Loss of overall kinaesthesis.
Whole practise:
Skill taught as whole. High organisation, low…

Page 3

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PE REVISION AS




o Gross body equilibrium
o Trunk Strength
Psychomotor abilities ­ Usually involve the processing of information, making decisions and
putting these decisions into action. Usually movements. Fleishmen identified 11:
o Multi-limb co-ordination
o Response orientation
o Reaction time
o Speed of movement
o Finger dexterity
o Manual…

Page 4

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PE REVISION AS




More detailed verbal feedback is given to learner.
Learner may return to cognitive phase to review and refine their mental image.
KEY TERM: Motor programme: A series of movements stored in the long term memory. They
specify the movements the skill consists of and the order they…

Page 5

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PE REVISION AS




o Teacher has to be able to get the information across to the learners and the learners
have to relate the information they receive to the skill being learned.
o The amount of information given has to be limited.
o Some complex skills are difficult to describe…

Page 6

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PE REVISION AS




Varied Practise:
Skill practised in many different environments.
Good for open skills.
Allows development of schema by adding more information.
Adapts skill to suit different environment.
Practise in realistic conditions.
Develops perceptual and decision making skills.
Example is a 4 v 5 passing game in football.
Repetitive…

Page 7

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PE REVISION AS




Effectors: The muscles receive the
relevant motor programme in the form
of coded impulses; they initiate the
movement and the action is
performed.
Feedback: internal or external



Whiting's Model:
Includes:
1. Display: Environment your in e.g.
teammates, opponents, spectators, noise,
umpires etc... some of this info will…

Page 8

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PE REVISION AS




o Recognition aspect of perception.
STM:
o Information compared to that previously learn and stored in the LTM.
o Limited capacity 7+-2 items (Millers magic number) or 5-9.
o Lasts up to 30 seconds .
o Can be increased by chunking or linking.
o Important information passes…

Page 9

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PE REVISION AS




o The likelihood of the stimulus occurring.

Single Channel Hypothesis:
When receiving many stimuli the brain can only deal with one stimulus at a time.

Choice Reaction time:
When there is more than one stimulus and more than one response. E.g a badminton player
having the stimuli…

Page 10

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PE REVISION AS




Short loop.
Internal feedback through kinaethesis and proprioception.
Allows quick subconscious corrections to take place. E.g skier making quick adjustments to
retain balance.
Adjustments stored in the LTM.

Closed loop control

Level Three:
Longer feedback loop because information on performance is relayed to the brain.
Brain controls…

Comments

ryan

brief in parts but is good overall 5*

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