World Issues GSCE Key Terms

Key Terms for World Issues GCSE:

  • Section on Prejudice & Persecution
  • Section on Conflict & Cooperation 
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  • Created on: 20-05-11 20:55
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World Issues GCSE Key Terms
Conflict & Cooperation Terms:
Anarchy ­ A state of lawlessness & disorder
Arbitration ­ A settlement of dispute by agreeing to accept solution made by a trusted outsider
Authority ­ The right to influence/ control actions of other people
Ceasefire ­ An agreement to stop fighting for a time to allow negotiations
Censorship ­ Control of ideas & info within a society
Civil Liberties ­ Sets limits on government so they cannot abuse power
Commission ­ A special group set up to consider some matter of importance
Compromise ­ Agreeing to drop some demands in order to be given other desired things
Conflict ­ Struggle between two or more opposing forces, ideas of interests
Confrontation ­ Direct challenge to an individual/ group, which threatens them in some way
Convention ­ International agreement
Declaration ­ Formal statement
Deterrence ­ Use of fear to prevent a conflict e.g. owning nuclear weapons
Extremism ­ Term used to describe actions of individuals/ groups outside the political centre of society
Force ­ Military power used to stop a conflict by defeating one side
Freedom of Assembly ­ The right to protest peacefully
Freedom of Association ­ Individual's right to join with other individuals to collectively pursue & defend common
Free Press ­ Able to publish without government interference
Ideology ­ Set of beliefs about the right way to live or run a society
International Peacekeeping organisations ­ Their mail aim is to diffuse tension & prevent fighting & bloodshed
Intolerance ­ Lack of acceptance/ respect on the part of a group or individual on another group/ individual
Justice ­ Term used to refer to fairness although more commonly related to the legal system within a society
Legal System ­ Laws of the land, the courts, police & anyone involved in applying the law
Long Term Causes ­ Long history of grievances & mutual mistrust between the nations/ groups involved in a conflict
Mediation ­ An intervention by an impartial party for the purpose of bringing about a settlement in a dispute
Mutually exclusive ­ Describes a situation which when one individual/ group gets what they want, another individual/
group cannot get what they want
Pacifism/ NonViolence ­ belief that by refusing to fight/ harm others, a conflict can be resolved peacefully, e.g.
Politics ­ Means by which groups make decisions
Propaganda ­ Information created to persuade people to think in a certain way
Right to Due Process ­ Government must respect all of a person's legal rights
Shortterm Causes ­ Events & Circumstances that occur just before the start of a conflict & are responsible for
triggering first acts of aggression
Treaty ­ An agreement made by both sides to stop a conflict & accept certain conditions
Wellbeing ­ A positive state of mind brought about by simultaneous satisfaction of personal, organisational & collective
needs of individuals & communities
Persecution & Prejudice Terms:
Affirmative Action ­ Actions & policies to improve situations for people disadvantaged by existing discrimination
Apartheid ­ Policy of South African Government which stated different racial groups should live separately & use
separate facilities & services
Discrimination ­ Treating an individual/ group differently from rest of group
Ethnic Cleansing ­ When a group decides is persecuted/ killed because of race or religion e.g. Rwanda
Genocide ­ Destruction of a large group of people
Insider Group ­ People who hold the most power & influence a society
Institutional Racism ­ Existence of prejudice in a way an organisation works & delivers its services
Nationalism ­ Belief that your country & culture are superior to others
Ostracism ­ Deliberately leaving someone out of a group
Persecution ­ Victimising & mistreating a group/ individual persistently over time
Prejudice ­ To prejudge someone, usually negative
Restorative Justice ­ Aims to restore relations which have been broken down through conflict

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Racism ­ Includes the belief that one race is superior to another
Socialisation ­ Process by which a child learns the ways of its culture
Systematic Discrimination ­ Discrimination that is the result of deliberate intention e.g. Nazi Germany & the
treatment of the Jews.…read more


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