History - The War

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What is phoney war?
Period between 1939-40 because there was no real activity on the front
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What was the battle of Britain?
Battle fought over the skies of southern England in 1940
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Who won the battle of Britain?
The Allies
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What was operation Barabosa?
Germanys decision to invade the USSR
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When was operation Barabosa to take place?
1941
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What was the 'turn of the tide' and when?
1941-43 allied military victories against Germany began
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What was the final solution?
Used by the Nazi leadership to describe the extermination of the Jews
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What was the unconditional surrender?
Roosevelt and Churchill agreed they would not accept a negotiated peace with Germany
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What was Hitler determined to avoid a repeat of?
Problems Germany faced in WW1
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What did Hitler carry out to ensure this would not happen?
Series of economy decrees outlining every possible aspect of war production
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When was food rationing introduced?
1539
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What were the limitations of economic mobilisation?
Armaments stayed low, the allies had more military power than Germany
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Did Germany ever reach total war?
No
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Why? Who was Speer?
Speer made minister of aramaments, came up with plan that excluded military personel
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What did Speer do that the allies were not?
Employed women
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What was the downfall of Speer?
Germany still had the potential to produce more
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What was foreign labour like?
Increasing
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What were the economic effects on Germany due to allied bombing
Prevented Germany from increasing its level of arms production, forced to divert available resources to other areas
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What was blanket bombing?
The dropping of large numbers of bombs in one area to cause destruction
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What were the living standards like?
Food rationing and the black market flourished
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What were the effects of the war on german people and work?
Never a shortage of jobs, bonus's reintroduced but freedom restricted
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What effect did the war have on the peasantry?
Pressure increased as many young men were being conscripted
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How did the war affect womens lives?
Women unable to work as it was Nazi aim to maintain traditional roles between men and women
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When were women able to work?
1943
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What percentage of the workforce did women dominate in 1945?
60%
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The war had an effect on the youth?
Alienation between those who did support the war and those who did not
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What did Goebbels use to distracts people from the realitites of the war?
Cinema
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In 1944 the fear of what had grown?
Red army
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Small cells of what parties continued?
Communist
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What happened to Church attendance?
Increased
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Who were the white rose group?
Anti Nazi organisation that printed leaflets against the Nazis
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What was the Kreisau circle?
Army officers and forign officials who were outraged by Nazi policy
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What did the Kreisau cricle do?
Created a resistance for freedom, democracy and civil rights
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What happened to the Kreisau cirlce?
Put down by the Nazis
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What was the Stauffenberg plot?
Left over circle members attempted to bomb Hitler
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How successfull was the Stauffenberf plot?
Not very as Hitler only walked away with minor injuries
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How many of the Stauffenberg plot were arrested and killed?
5,000
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Card 2

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What was the battle of Britain?

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Battle fought over the skies of southern England in 1940

Card 3

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Who won the battle of Britain?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What was operation Barabosa?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was operation Barabosa to take place?

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