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Key Word: Volksgemeinschaft
(`National Community')
· Hitler wanted all Germans to think
of themselves as part of a national
community. People would see
themselves as `Germans' first and
· People would be so proud to belong
to a great nation that was racially
and culturally superior to other
nations that they would put the
interests of Germany before their
· Hitler's policies towards each group
(eg: women and children) were
designed to help win this loyalty.…read more

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Children ­ Education: Teachers
· The Nazis held a lot of influence over education. They
controlled what was taught and who taught it.
· To be a teacher, you had to be part of the Nazi Teacher's
Association, agreeing to teach the ideas dictated by the
Nazis. If you didn't, then you were sacked.
· 97% of teachers joined the Nazi Teacher's Association ­
why might we have to be careful of this statistic?
· There was to be no initiative or individuality among
teachers. Nor was there allowed to be any intellectual
freedom or creativity among students. You were forbidden
to ask questions.
· Obedience and discipline was key ­ teachers were strict
and physically incredibly strong.…read more

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Children ­ Education: Subjects
· Physical Education ­ 15% of school time. Unsatisfactory performance
could lead to expulsion.
· History ­ concentrated on the rise of Nazis, the injustice of the Treaty
of Versailles, the evils of Communism and the Jews, great historic
moments in German history especially from Medieval times.
· Biology ­ also called `race theory'. Pupils were taught to measure their
skulls and classify racial types. In biology they were also taught that
Aryans were superior and should not marry inferior races.
· German ­ helped to enforce national identity. Read about German
heroes, especially from WW1.
· Geography ­ taught about the lands which were once part of Germany
and the need for more living space (Lebensraum).
· Religious Studies was not compulsory.
· Girls had a different curriculum to boys ­ they studied domestic
science and eugenics (how to produce the perfect babies by selecting
ideal qualities in parents).…read more

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Children ­ Education: Timetable
Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
08:00-08:45 German
08:50-09:35 Geography History Singing Geography History Singing
09:40-10:25 Race Studies Party Beliefs
10:25-11:00 Break with sports and special announcements
11:00-12:05 Domestic Science with Maths
12:10-12:55 Eugenics ­ The Science of Breeding ­ Health Biology
14:00-18:00 Sports…read more

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Children ­ Education: Schools
· Nazi organisations began to open their own
schools to fast-track those who they thought
would make particularly good Nazis.
· These were known as `Leadership Schools',
NAPOLAs and later `Adolf Hitler Schools'. They
provided a military style education but were not
particularly focused on academic achievement.
· Education for those who were not Aryan became
increasing difficult. They were ritually humiliated
and eventually were denied access to education
entirely.…read more

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