WJEC psychology AS PY2 core studies revision

all 10 core studies

context,aims, procedures, findings,conclusions, methodology and alternative evidence for each study.

ASCH,BENNET-LEVY AND MARTEAU, BUSS, GARDNER AND GARDNER,LOFTUS AND PALMER,MILGRAM, RAHE, MAHAN AND ARTHUR, ROSENHAN, GIBSON AND WALK

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Carl
  • Created on: 05-06-11 19:03

Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
ASCHopinions and social pressure
Context
JENNESS Jenness put beans in a jar and asked participants to judge
how many beans were in there. He then put participants into groups and
asked them to complete the task again.
Jenness found that the participants conformed to a group norm (a middle
number)…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
participants that did not conform said they had `confidence in their
judgement'

those who did conform said that they `did not want to spoil the results'

ASCH found:
group size raises conformity
a truthful confederate reduced pressure to conform
a inaccurate confederate reduced pressure to conform

conclusions:
strong tendancy to…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Context:
Milgram is jewish
Interested by the nazi's defence at the Nuremburg trials after the
holocaust
Nazi's claimed that they were `simply following orders'
The theory that `germans are different' was suggested

Aims:
MILGRAM wanted to test the `Germans are different' theory
He wanted to see if it conformity was…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
the `germans are different' theory was disproven
people were persuaded by yales prestigious setting, the $4.50
payment and the novel situation

methodology
LAB EXPERIMENT
Strengths: variables controlled
Weaknesses: subject to demand characteristics
Subject to experimenter bias
Lacks ecological validity


VOLUNTEER SAMPLE biased as only certain types of people may volunteer…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Context
SELYE in 1930's suggested a link between stress + illness with his work
on rats
HAWKINS worked in a TB sanatorium and observed poor people
suffered worse, he suggested this was due to emotional stress making
them more vulnerable
RAHE made the schedule of recent experience (SRE) and the…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
methodology:
QUESTIONNAIRES:
Strengths: lots of data collected
Easy to analyse
weaknesses : only major stress was counted
possibility of lies
not very reliable

CORRELATIONS USED:
Weaknesses: variables are not accounted for
Cause + effect not shown
Participants may not remember previous events from 6 months ago

VALIDITY: unusual events were…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
Bennett, Levy,Marteau Fear of animals
Context
SELIGMAN proposed the concept of biological preparedness, this is a
inherited disposition to fear certain animals

3 observations were made:
Non random distribution of fears (snakes and spiders etc.)
Not matched by traumatic experiences
Fears peak in early life (childhood)

MINEKA found wild reared…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
rats were feared considerably more than any other, it was suggested they
were perceived as the most harmful
rabbits were the least feared
females were less likely to approach animals than men
men in group 1 rated themselves less fearful than women but just as
responsive to the characteristics in…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
Gardner + Gardner teaching a chimp sign language
Context
CHOMSKY said humans have the language acquisition device which
allows us to acquire language, so theoretically animals should not be able
to learn human language

HAYES AND HAYES woked with a chimp called VICKI but could only
teach it 4 words…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
the gardners did not answer the question as they thought it was against
the spirit of their research.
HOWEVER, they did show that sign language is a appropriate language
for chimps as washoe was able to learn it.

Methodology
CASE STUDY:
Strenghths: the experimenters got to know washoe better
They…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all resources »