Is religious language rational Revision Q's + A's

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Is Religious Language Meaningful?
Revision Questions Answers
1. Give an example of a religious event that is contradictory to our logic?
The virgin birth
2. Give an example of an abstract/metaphysical/puzzling religious word?
3. Why might human language be criticised when trying to communicate ideas about
Our language is inadequate and leads to misunderstanding
4. Why do mosques and synagogues not contain pictures or images of God?
We cannot begin to imagine what God looks like
5. What does anthropomorphise mean?
Giving human qualities
6. Give an example of a human virtue (other than love) that might be completely
different in God.
7. Give an example of a Biblical/Qur'anic story that could be interpreted literally or
8. According to verification what two types of statements are meaningful?
Analytic and Synthetic
9. Which beliefs did A.J Ayer work on in Vienna?
Logical Positivism
10.According to Ayer, if a statement is neither analytic nor testable then what is it?
Cognitively meaningless
11.When was Language, Truth and Logic published?
12.Give an example of a statement that would not pass the strong verification principle's
test of meaning.
William has brown hair
13.What kind of statement becomes meaningful under weak verification?
Historical statements (indirect experience)
14.Why was the falsification principle developed?
The verification principle had failed under weak verification
15.According to Ayer, at best what are religious statements?
Emotive utterances

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What is the falsification principle?
A statement is meaningful if you know what would have to be done in order for it to
be false
17.When are true statements falsifiable?
When we can give the conditions under which the statement would be false
18.How does Flew present the believer with Wisdom's parable of the garden?
As someone who refuses to give up their claims despite evidence to the contrary
19.…read more

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Give an example of how we feel when a qualifier `works'.
Gain some insight into the nature of God
34.According to Ramsey once a person understands a model and qualifier what does this
lead to?
35.What example does Ramsey give to illustrate how a person feels when they grasp the
model and qualifier?
The judge recognising the accused.
"The penny has dropped"
36.Give an example of something that is finite.
37.What is a symbol?
Something physical which represents something nonphysical
38.…read more

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What does Wittgenstein compare language to in his theory?
A game
51.Why can the rules from using scientific language not be compared to religious
Language from each game cannot be used for different game
52.According to Wittgenstein, when is language at its worst?
When it is not being used or understood in the right context
53.According to D.Z. Phillips when someone says `I believe in God' what is the real
What does this mean to the believer?
54.According to D.Z.…read more

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What do both verification and falsification fail?
Their own tests
67.What might some proponents of analogy, symbol and language games argue?
They overcome the principles
68.What might a proponent of religious language as noncognitive argue?
Religious statements are not meant to convey facts but they are still meaningful
69.By definition what can we not prove or disprove with Swinburne's toys in the
cupboard analogy?
That the toys move when we're not looking
70.…read more


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