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Page 1

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Cards read left to right. Cut them out and hand write the titles on the back Test away!

1. Define Crime
2. Define Recidivism
3. Define Token Economy
4. Define Anti Social Behaviour
5. Define Stereotyping
6. Define Modelling
7. Define Eye Witness Testimony
8. Definition of Criminal Psychology

Page 2

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45. SLT Strengths
46. SLT Weaknesses
47. Bandura Ross and Ross
48. 4 cognitive processes in modelling
49. 3 main factors in motivation
50. Role of violence in the media
51. Strengths of the media theory
52. Weaknesses of the media theory
53. Anderson and Dill aim
54. Anderson and…

Page 3

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91. Explain Experimenter / participant effect on experiments.
92. How do you operationalize a hypothesis?
93. What is an experimental hypothesis?
94. Difference between 1 and 2 tail hypothesis?
95. What is a null hypothesis?
96. What is reliability?
97. What is validity?

Page 4

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Any behaviour which breaks known laws.
Repeating a behaviour despite pervious
o Can be learned & stems from
punishment / treatment

Treatment based on operant conditioning Not necessarily breaking laws but viewed
o Primary and secondary reinforcers. negatively.

Expecting particular behaviours from Demonstration of behaviours which are paid

Page 5

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45 student PPS shown short video clips.
5 groups
Investigate how information provided to a "About how fast were the cars going when
witness will influence memory (leading they _____ each other?"
questions) Each group given a different verb
Smashed // Collided // bumped // hit //

150 student…

Page 6

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Police recorded interviews by hand.
4-5 months later 13 witnesses interviewed
by researchers ­ same format as police.
2 misleading questions.
More details recalled in research interview.
o `A' vs `the'
Accuracy remained similar.
o Busted headlight & yellow quarter
Misleading questions had little effect.
Researchers asked witnesses degree…

Page 7

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TARGET PRESENT = 49% correct (63% pred)
TARGET ABSENT = 62% identified (47% pred) Prep did not improve eyewitness
PPS told if their memory would be tested identification
were better at recall. Students over estimated.
Age estimate accurate.

System of treatment based on operant
o Primary and secondary Rewarded…

Page 8

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Quasi Experiment design, 2 comparisons
o Pre 3 post programme scores) 1) Cognitve behavioural interview (various
Experiemental Group: 50 prisoners questions about temper)
(completed course) 2) Behavioural checklist (Completed by
Control Gorup: 37 (not completed course) prison officers about anger)
12 one hour sessions (3 days) Anger management questionnaire (53…

Page 9

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SST more effective with HF offenders
SST can be effective with certain types of
Discussion more effective with LF offenders
Effect noticed after training & 2 weeks later

Based on the concept of modelling
o Operant conditioning
Operant = learning = encourages behaviour
Can be used to explain criminals…

Page 10

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Research suggests violence in videogames &
TV can be copied.
Agreed it does have some effect but is not
the primary cause of violence.
Vicarious consequences
External motivation
o Children desensitized to violence ­
Self reinforcement
feel less strongly about it.
o Can lead to them doing things…


Olivia Woolley


these are BRILLIANT, thank you so much



No problem :)

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