Criminal Psychology - Edexcel Test Cards.- Unit 3.

Test cards with a list of titles so that you can print out and label the back to test yourself on Unit 3 Criminal Psychology. 

This is how I learn best so hopefully it'll help somebody else too! 

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  • Created on: 06-06-13 12:57
Preview of Criminal Psychology - Edexcel Test Cards.- Unit 3.

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Cards read left to right. Cut them out and hand write the titles on the back Test away!
1. Define Crime
2. Define Recidivism
3. Define Token Economy
4. Define Anti Social Behaviour
5. Define Stereotyping
6. Define Modelling
7. Define Eye Witness Testimony
8. Definition of Criminal Psychology
9. Loftus and Palmer Aim
10. Loftus and Palmer Method 1
11. Loftus and Palmer Results 1
12. Loftus and Palmer Method 2
13. Loftus and Palmer Results 2
14. Loftus and Palmer Conclusion
15. Yuille and Cutshall Aim
16. Yuille and Cutshall Participants
17. Yuille and Cutshall Method
18. Yuille and Cutshall Results
19. Yuille and Cutshall Conclusion
20. Yuille and Cutshall Strengths
21. Yuille and Cutshall Weaknesses
22. Yarmey Aim
23. Yarmey Prep
24. Yarmey Method
25. Yarmey Results
26. Yarmey Conclusion
27. What is Token Economy?
28. Strengths of Token Economy
29. Weaknesses of Token Economy
30. Anger Management key points
31. 3 steps in Anger Management
32. Ireland Aim
33. Ireland Method
34. Ireland two measures
35. Ireland Results
36. Ireland Conclusions
37. What is Social Skills Training
38. What are the elements of social skills training
39. Long and Scherer Aim
40. Long and Scherer Method
41. Long and Scherer Results
42. Long and Scherer Conclusions
43. What is social learning theory?
44. How can social learning theory explain criminals?

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Page 2

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SLT Strengths
46. SLT Weaknesses
47. Bandura Ross and Ross
48. 4 cognitive processes in modelling
49. 3 main factors in motivation
50. Role of violence in the media
51. Strengths of the media theory
52. Weaknesses of the media theory
53. Anderson and Dill aim
54. Anderson and Dill Method
55. Anderson and Dill Results
56. Anderson and Dill Conclusion
57. Anderson and Dill Strengths
58. Anderson and Dill Weaknesses
59. Eron and Huesman
60. Self Fulfilling Prophecy
61. How might SFP cause criminals.…read more

Page 3

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Explain Experimenter / participant effect on experiments.
92. How do you operationalize a hypothesis?
93. What is an experimental hypothesis?
94. Difference between 1 and 2 tail hypothesis?
95. What is a null hypothesis?
96. What is reliability?
97.…read more

Page 4

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Any behaviour which breaks known laws.
Repeating a behaviour despite pervious
o Can be learned & stems from
punishment / treatment
Treatment based on operant conditioning Not necessarily breaking laws but viewed
o Primary and secondary reinforcers. negatively.
Expecting particular behaviours from Demonstration of behaviours which are paid
someone based on appearance. attention to, remembered and reproduced.
Criminal psychology aims to define crime and
the explanations for behaviours which cause
it.…read more

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PPS shown short video clips.
5 groups
Investigate how information provided to a "About how fast were the cars going when
witness will influence memory (leading they _____ each other?"
questions) Each group given a different verb
Smashed // Collided // bumped // hit //
150 student PPS shown a short film.
Smashed ­ 40.8. 3 groups including 1 control (not asked about
Collided ­ 39.3 speed.)
Bumped ­ 38.1 "How fast were the cars going when they
Hit ­ 34.…read more

Page 6

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Police recorded interviews by hand.
4-5 months later 13 witnesses interviewed
by researchers ­ same format as police.
2 misleading questions.
More details recalled in research interview.
o `A' vs `the'
Accuracy remained similar.
o Busted headlight & yellow quarter
Misleading questions had little effect.
Researchers asked witnesses degree of
stress at time.
Measured by scoring technique.…read more

Page 7

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TARGET PRESENT = 49% correct (63% pred)
TARGET ABSENT = 62% identified (47% pred) Prep did not improve eyewitness
PPS told if their memory would be tested identification
were better at recall. Students over estimated.
Age estimate accurate.
System of treatment based on operant
o Primary and secondary Rewarded instantly
reinforcement. o Prisoner knows exactly what
Used to treat offenders in prisons behaviour is wanted
Prisoners rewarded with secondary o Increased likelihood of repeating.
reinforcers when not aggressive.…read more

Page 8

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Quasi Experiment design, 2 comparisons
o Pre 3 post programme scores) 1) Cognitve behavioural interview (various
Experiemental Group: 50 prisoners questions about temper)
(completed course) 2) Behavioural checklist (Completed by
Control Gorup: 37 (not completed course) prison officers about anger)
12 one hour sessions (3 days) Anger management questionnaire (53 items)
Significiant reduction in angry behaviours
Short term measure indicated a success
o 92% exp group showed improvement.…read more

Page 9

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SST more effective with HF offenders
SST can be effective with certain types of
Discussion more effective with LF offenders
Effect noticed after training & 2 weeks later
Based on the concept of modelling
o Operant conditioning
Operant = learning = encourages behaviour
Can be used to explain criminals behaviour
Negative reinforcement = taking something
though the idea of modelling
bad away
We will only imitate if we can relate e.g.…read more

Page 10

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Research suggests violence in videogames &
TV can be copied.
Agreed it does have some effect but is not
the primary cause of violence.
Vicarious consequences
External motivation
o Children desensitized to violence ­
Self reinforcement
feel less strongly about it.
o Can lead to them doing things they
wouldn't normally
o More likely to imitate violence on TV
Only a handful of incidents have been directly
Banduras study provided evidence linked to media violence.
Antisocial through association not copying.…read more


Olivia Woolley

these are BRILLIANT, thank you so much


No problem :)

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