Unit 1 higher geography paper

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For Examiner's Use
Centre Number Candidate Number
Surname
Other Names
Examiner's Initials
Candidate Signature
Question Mark
General Certificate of Secondary Education 1
Higher Tier
January 2010 2
TOTAL
Geography 40351H
(Specification B)
Paper 1: Managing Places in the 21st century
Thursday 21 January 2010 9.00 am to 10.00 am
H
·
For this paper you must have:
the insert (enclosed)
· the Ordnance Survey map extract (enclosed).
You may use a calculator.
· 1 hour
Time allowed
· Use black ink or black ball-point pen. You may use pencil for maps,
Instructions
diagrams and graphs.
· Fill in the boxes at the top of this page.
· Answer either Section A (Question 1) or Section B (Question 2).
· You must answer the questions in the spaces provided. Do not write
outside the box around each page or on blank pages.
· Do all rough work in this book. Cross through any work you do not want
to be marked.
· Use case studies to support your answers where appropriate.
· The marks for questions are shown in brackets.
Information
· The maximum mark for this paper is 50.
· You are reminded of the need for good English and clear presentation in
your answers. Where applicable, questions should be answered in
continuous prose. Quality of Written Communication will be assessed in
all answers.
(JAN1040351H01)
M/40351H 6/6/6/ 40351H

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Section A ­ The Coastal Environment
Answer either Section A (Question 1) or Section B (Question 2).
Use case studies to support your answers where appropriate.
Total for this question: 50 marks
1 (a) Study Figure 1, information about the Mediterranean coastal region.
Figure 1
The Mediterranean Coastal Region
The Mediterranean coast is a sea border Number of
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1 (a) (i) Name the ocean to the west of the Mediterranean Sea.
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1 (a) (ii) How many continents have a Mediterranean Sea coast?
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1 (a) (iii) Describe the changes in tourist numbers shown in Figure 1.
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1 (a) (iv) Explain why the Mediterranean coastal region is called a `multi-use' area.
Use Figure 1 and your own knowledge.
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1 (b) Study Figure 2, on the insert, which shows a developed coastal area.
Explain how development can put pressure on coastal environments.
Use Figure 2 and your own knowledge.
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1 (c) Weathering and erosion are important physical processes in coastal areas.
1 (c) (i) What does weathering mean?
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1 (c) (ii) What does erosion mean?
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1 (c) (iii) Study Figure 3 which shows features of coastal erosion.
Figure 3
Explain how erosion has created the features shown in Figure 3.
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1 (d) Study Figure 4, an Ordnance Survey map extract showing part of the Norfolk coast.
1 (d) (i) Use map evidence to describe the characteristics of the spit marked A.
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1 (d) (ii) Explain how a spit is formed. You may use a diagram to support your answer.
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1 (e) The area shown on the map extract Figure 4 is often described as a fragile coastal
environment.
1 (e) (i) Suggest how this area might be used for recreation and leisure activities.
Use map evidence in your answer.
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1 (e) (ii) Describe two conservation methods used to protect fragile coastal environments
from human activities.
Use Figure 4 and your own knowledge.
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1 (f) Describe how coastal areas are protected from erosion and/or flooding.
Use an example(s) you have studied.
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