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UNIT 1: CULTURE AND SOCIETY

The relationship between law, society and ethics
Values and ethical issues which affect social interaction
If all people shared the same values, and those values reflected patterns of good rather than
antisocial or criminal behaviour, social interaction would be different. Social scientists disagree
about the…

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desire to exercise power. That is not to say, though, that they are corrupt and operate with
disregard for ethical codes.

There have always been politicians who have fallen from grace. The work of a Member of
Parliament can be very demanding, despite apparent 'long holidays' when Parliament is in…

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from 8,000 to 165,000 hectares. Between 2006 and 2007, poppy production in the country rose by
49%, and it is estimated that the country accounts for about 90% of the world supply of opium, a
poppy derivative and the raw material for heroin. Much of the poppy cultivation is in…

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threats it might pose to health and to crops that are grown legitimately. Forced eradication -- hitting
the poor the hardest -- would damage the 'hearts and minds' campaign essential in maintaining
some support among the general population.

Growing, processing and selling opium dominates the Afghan economy. Poppies could be…

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but persistent crime and antisocial behaviour in their own areas again, there is some
intergenerational conflict.

Examination Practice
The following source and question are typical of those that will be used in Section B of the Unit 1
examination.

Every effort has been made by Britain since the occupation to…

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The command word is `examine' -- identifying and looking at the various issues connected
with the presence of British and American troops in Afghanistan since 2001.

Possible answer points
Political
Historically, countries that have intervened in Afghanistan have achieved little success. Britain
invaded in the mid1830s and went on to…

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US and UK intervention has to be seen in terms of a reaction against 9/11 and Afghanistan's links
with world terror and the alQaeda movement. Under the Taliban human rights for most of the
population would have been nonexistent. However, allied casualties have increased, especially
since suicide bombing was used…

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Prison works in the sense that people feel more secure in the knowledge that dangerous
criminals have lost their liberty and can no longer continue with their activities.
There is a strong popular view that penal policy ought to have a significant element of
punishment and retribution and that harsh…

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The question's command phrase -- `develop a strategy' -- has a clear focus: it means set
out a plan that might be used to combat the problem of alcohol crime.
Students need to use both information from the source and own knowledge to gain the
highest marks.
They should include…

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The drinks industry is a powerful lobby and many voters do not take kindly to what they consider to
be excessive government interference in their private lives. After smoking in pubs was made illegal
in the summer of 2007, and increasing accusations of a `nanny state', politicians are wary of…

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