Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
UNIT 1: CULTURE AND SOCIETY
Religious beliefs: the major world
religions
Christianity
Christianity originated 2,000 years ago as a development of the much older religion of Judaism.
Today it is the largest religion in the world, although there are many different denominations, the
largest of which are the Roman Catholic…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
teaching of Jesus. The first might have been Mark's Gospel, probably written about 35 years after
Jesus had died. In these Gospels we are told about the miracles that Jesus performed.
On the night before his death, Jesus celebrated the Jewish Passover with his disciples in
Jerusalem. He used bread…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Estimates suggest that there are over 900 million Hindus scattered in over 100 countries, although
the great majority continue to live in India. One of the largest Hindu communities outside India is
probably Great Britain, as a result of immigration from Asia and the West Indies.
There are millions of…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
communal and many Hindus visit the temple regularly. Each Hindu
temple is dedicated to a particular god. Worship takes place through the
acknowledgement of the sacred syllable, the singing of mantras and the
use of geometric patterns called mandalas.
There are many festivals, most notably Divali (the autumn Festival of…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Islam
Islam originated 1,400 years ago in Mecca through Muhammad (the greatest prophet of God and
his last messenger). Muhammad was a deeply religious, politically influential Arab, who was
concerned about social injustice and excesses such as drunkenness. Muslims believe that
Muharnrnad was human. They do not see him as…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
Muslim practice
Prayer is central to Islam and prayers are said five times a da}^, Muslims can pray anywhere, but all
males endeavour to be in the mosque for noon prayers on a Friday. The Qur'an teaches Muslims
how to live their lives and how to prepare for the Day…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
Examination Practice
The following six paragraphs are part of a longer passage typical of one that might be used for
Section A of Unit 1. Nine objectivetype (multiplechoice) questions are asked on these six
paragraphs. In a normal exam there will be 30 multiplechoice questions based on the whole
passage…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
(5) It is all, seemingly, a long way from the world of alQaeda and its figurehead Osama bin Laden,
who declared war on the West in 1998, and from the mountains in or near the lawless, tribal areas
of Pakistan where he is said to hide -- from the training…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
candidates are unlikely to have heard of 9/11. It had certainly not been widely predicted so
A is out. D should go because, though there may have been an element of retaliation,
terrorists rather than Iraqi forces were involved. Although many rumours of weapons of mass
destruction circulated, no direct…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
Answer key: C
Another comprehension question it refers to the author's attitude to two people mentioned in
paragraph 3: Aishah Azmi and Shabina Begum. There is no evidence that the author is either
hostile or indignant towards the two females. Nor can we say that he or she is necessarily…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar General Studies resources:

See all General Studies resources »