Slides in this set
Russia wanted to be...
· Large powerful military
· Strong stable economy
· Strong leader
· New, advanced technology
· Advanced military
· Prosperous industry
· Productive, efficient farming
· Good quality standard of living
· politics…read more
The 4 R's
REFORM: Alexander II wanted to gradually reform Russia,
socially, economically and politically.
REACTION: oppose significant change; say that Alexander
II is on the wrong track and traditional Russian values are
being taken away.
RADICAL: fast, extreme changes.
REVOLUTION: to change the whole system, fast and
What was wrong with
WHAT WAS WRONG WITH RUSSIA?
· they had a tiny share in the worlds manufacturing
· they had lost the Crimean War to Great Britain and
· they had slow industrial growth
· 90% of Russia was illiterate; as
· the majority of the population were Serfs
· Alexander II was an autocrat
· there were very few railways
· bad agriculture struggled to feed the large population
· however Russia had potential.…read more
Stolypin's agrarian reforms
· September 1906 amount of state and crown land available to peasants
· October peasants were granted equal right in their local administration.
· November peasants could leave the commune
· collective ownership of land by a family was abolished; land became personal
· Land organisations were set up, containing representatives elected by
· New peasant land bank to help peasant fund their land ownership.
· There was an increase in government subsidies to encourage migration and
settlement in Siberia. -3.5 million
· There were more Kulaks.
· Hereditary ownership increased from 20% to nearly 50%
· There was a run of good harvests peasant prosperity rose.
· More modern machinery and artificial fertilisers.…read more
Stolypin's agrarian reforms -
· Only 14% of communal allotment land had passes
into privet ownership land had passed into private
· Only 1.3 million out of 5 million applications for
the hereditary tenure of individual farms had been
· Only 10% of farms had abandoned strip farming.
· There was a growing class of poor, alienated and
landless peasants.…read more