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Slide 1

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Tsarist Russia
1855-1917…read more

Slide 2

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Russia wanted to be...
Great Power
· Large powerful military
· Strong stable economy
· Strong leader
· Respect
· Allies
· New, advanced technology
· Advanced military
· Prosperous industry
· Productive, efficient farming
· Good quality standard of living
· politics…read more

Slide 3

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The 4 R's
REFORM: Alexander II wanted to gradually reform Russia,
socially, economically and politically.
REACTION: oppose significant change; say that Alexander
II is on the wrong track and traditional Russian values are
being taken away.
RADICAL: fast, extreme changes.
REVOLUTION: to change the whole system, fast and
violently.…read more

Slide 4

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What was wrong with
· they had a tiny share in the worlds manufacturing
· they had lost the Crimean War to Great Britain and
· they had slow industrial growth
· 90% of Russia was illiterate; as
· the majority of the population were Serfs
· Alexander II was an autocrat
· there were very few railways
· bad agriculture struggled to feed the large population
· however Russia had potential.…read more

Slide 5

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Stolypin's agrarian reforms
· September 1906 ­ amount of state and crown land available to peasants
· October ­ peasants were granted equal right in their local administration.
· November ­ peasants could leave the commune
· collective ownership of land by a family was abolished; land became personal
· Land organisations were set up, containing representatives elected by
· New peasant land bank to help peasant fund their land ownership.
· There was an increase in government subsidies to encourage migration and
settlement in Siberia. -3.5 million
· There were more Kulaks.
· Hereditary ownership increased from 20% to nearly 50%
· There was a run of good harvests ­ peasant prosperity rose.
· More modern machinery and artificial fertilisers.…read more

Slide 6

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Stolypin's agrarian reforms -
· Only 14% of communal allotment land had passes
into privet ownership land had passed into private
consolidated ownership.
· Only 1.3 million out of 5 million applications for
the hereditary tenure of individual farms had been
dealt with.
· Only 10% of farms had abandoned strip farming.
· There was a growing class of poor, alienated and
landless peasants.…read more

Slide 7

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