Tourism Notes

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Katrina98
  • Created on: 04-05-14 12:29
Preview of Tourism Notes

First 443 words of the document:

There's been a Global Increase in Tourism over the Last 60 Years
Tourism's a growing industry ­ people are having more holidays and longer holidays because:
1) People have more spare cash than they used to, so they can afford to go on more
2) Companies give more paid holidays than they used to. This means that people have more
free time to go on holiday.
3) Travel has become cheaper (especially air travel) so more people can afford to go on
4) Holiday providers, e.g. tour companies and hotels, now use the internet to sell their
products to people directly, which makes them cheaper. Again, this means more people can
afford to go away.
Some areas are also becoming more popular than they used to be because:
1) Improvements in transport (e.g. more airports) have made it quicker and easier to get to
places- no more week-long boat trips to Australia for a start.
2) Countries in more unusual tourist destinations like the Middle East and Africa have got
better at marketing themselves as tourist attractions. This means that people are more
aware of them.
3) Many countries have invested in infrastructure for tourism like better hotels to attract
more visitors.
Cities, Mountains and Coasts are all Popular Tourist Areas
People are attracted to cities by the culture (e.g. museums, art galleries), entertainment
(bars, restaurants, theatres) and shopping. Popular destinations include London, New York,
Paris and Rome.
People are attracted to coastal areas by the beaches and activities like swimming,
snorkelling, fishing and water skiing. Popular destinations include Spain, the Caribbean
and Thailand.
People are attracted to mountain areas by the beautiful scenery and activities like
walking, climbing, skiing and snowboarding. Popular destinations include the Alps, the
dolomites and the Rockies.
Tourism is Important to the Economies of Many Countries
1) Tourism creates jobs for local people (e.g. in restaurants and hotels), which helps the
economy to grow.
2) It also increases the income of other businesses that supply the tourist industry, e.g. farms
that supply food for the hotels. Helping the economy to grow.
3) Tourism is important to the countries in both rich and poor parts of the world. E.g. Tourism
in France generated 35 billion Euros in 2006 and created two million jobs.
4) Poorer countries tend to be more dependent on the income from tourism than richer
ones, e.g. tourism contributes 3% of the UK's GNP, compared to 15% of Kenya's.

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

UK Tourism
Tourism makes a Big Contribution to the UK's Economy
1) There were 32 million overseas visitors to Britain in 2008.
2) The UK is popular with tourists because of its countryside, historic landmarks (Big Ben and
Stonehenge), famous churches and cathedrals (Saint Paul's Cathedral), and its castles and
palaces (Edinburgh castle and Buckingham Palace).
3) London is particularly popular for its museums, theatres and shopping. It's where half of all
the visitors to the UK go.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Rejuvenation - investment and modernisation may occur which leads to improvements and
visitor numbers may increase again.
7. Decline - if the resort is not rejuvenated (stage 6) then it will go into decline. People lose their
jobs related to tourism. The image of the area suffers.
Mass Tourism
Mass Tourism is Tourism on a Big Scale
Mass tourism is organised tourism for large numbers of people. For example, visiting Spain
on a package holiday would count as mass tourism.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Improving public transport encourages tourists to use it, which reduces congestion and
2) Limiting the number of people visiting sensitive environments e.g. coral reefs reduces
3) Providing lots of bins helps to reduce litter.
The Importance of Tourism Needs to be Maintained
Areas that rely heavily on tourism need to make sure the tourists keep coming. They can do this
1) Build new facilities or improve existing ones, e.g. build new hotels.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Adventure holidays are becoming more popular due to TV programmes and advertising
5) People tend to have more paid holidays, so they have the time to go.
Tourism in Extreme Environments can be Damaging
The ecosystems in extreme environments are usually delicately balanced, because it's so difficult
for life to survive in the harsh conditions there. The presence of tourists can upset this fragile
balance and cause serious problems.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Benefits for local people:
1) People have better and more stable incomes in ecotourism than in other jobs, e.g. farming.
2) Many ecotourism schemes fund community projects, e.g. schools, water tanks and health
Ecotourism Helps the Sustainable Development of Areas
1) Sustainable development means improving the quality of life for people, but doing it in a
way that doesn't stop people in the future getting what they need (by not damaging the
environment or depleting resources).…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all resources »