Tourism notes for Geography Spec C

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Geography Notes
Topic 5 - International Tourism
The Growth of international Tourism
· International tourism has increased massively - from 25 million in 1930 to 500 million in
· Traditionally, the majority of international arrivals from the United Kingdom has been to
Europe, because transport is easier, quicker and generally costs less.
· Recently, the numbers of long haul holidays have increased, because of many reasons:
· A reduction in costs,
· Favourable exchange rates (the pound to the dollar)
· Technical advances in transport,
· Tourist's demands have changed.
· People in the UK have become more affluent, and have the right to paid holiday leave -
5.6 weeks per year.
· Roads and airports have been improved, expanded and added to, making travel easier.
· People are retiring earlier, while they are still active
· There is a greater visibility of tourism in the media
Kenya - an LEDC
· Kenya is very eager to encourage tourism because it brings in large amounts of foreign
money, and helps fuel their economy - 63% of the Kenyan GDP is from the services
industry, dominated by the tourism sector.
· Kenya can offer tourists
· Wildlife
· Landscapes
· Sun and beaches
· Coral reefs
· The local culture

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Tourism's Positives Negatives
Wildlife · Brings in money to aid conservation · Many tourist buses harass popular
efforts. animals
· Increases international awareness of · Animals can become overly reliant
any issues in the area on the waste produced by luxury
lodges the tourists stay in - some
become sick when they eat
something they shouldn't have.
Landscape + · Brings in money to aid conservation · To buses can erode the land,
Natural efforts.…read more

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The town of Lamu
· have limited tourist numbers
· asked tourists to dress in a way more acceptable to the local culture
· no large hotels have been built
· tourists charged levies to maintain traditional buildings in the town
ecotourism |ektorizm; k-|
tourism directed toward exotic, often threatened, natural
environments, esp. to support conservation efforts and observe
wildlife.…read more


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