Tourism Notes

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  • Created on: 31-05-13 10:59
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Tourism- a stay away from home for over 24 hours for a recreational activity
Reasons for increase in Tourism:
Better/Quicker/ Cheaper Air Travel- Making Previously Remote areas accessible.
More Paid Holidays- People tend to take many small holidays rather than one big one.
Increase in amount of Disposable income- People can afford to treat them.
Awareness of attractions- People are becoming more aware of travel from travel shows and advertising.
Main Types Of Tourism:
Cultural Tourism- Sightseeing, Exploring different Ethnic groups.
Business Tourism- as air travel develops more people travel to offices and factories around the world.
Geographical Tourism- Visiting great Geographical Spots e.g. Yellow Stone National Park, USA
Visiting Family and Friends
TOURISM PROVIDES A LARGE MAJORITY OF LEDC'S INCOME e.g. EYGPT- 10% OF ITS INCOME IS DEPENDANT ON TOURISM. TOURISM HELP
COUNTRIES TO DEVELOP AND BECOME MORE ECONOMICALLY STABLE.
Case Study: The Lake District, UK
Reasons For Growth
Offers magnificent and unique landscapes- Rivers and Mountains.
Vast Range of things to do- From Climbing to Sailing.
Becoming more accessible.
Wide Range of ecosystems and Nature Reserves.
Releases the pressures from Urban Living.
How do people solve and reduce impacts of Tourism in the Lake District?
Traffic: Traffic is a big problem in the Lake District and is reduced by setting speed limits to 40 mph as well as restricting
on-street parking and introduces new trunk roads to space the traffic out.
Landscape: People maintain the natural beauty of the Lake District by Planting trees and Repairing Eroded Footpaths.
Noise Pollution: In order to maintain a sense of peace and tranquillity for both residents and tourists, there has been a water
skiing ban on Lake Windermere and a permanent speed limit of 10 mph was set in 2005.
Shortage of Housing: allot of tourists buy second homes and this leads to increase in price for the locals. This has been solved
by affordable houses being built just available to local people, allowing both local people and tourists to enjoy the National
Park.
Mass Tourism- Tourism involving large numbers of tourists
Advantages:
Jobs generated by tourism- construction, travel, food provision etc
Local people benefit directly from employment
Development of infrastructure. New road, rail, electricity facilities
Local tax base increases so the government can invest in schools, healthcare and social services.
Tourists introduce new values and cultures and cause cultural understanding
Disadvantages:
TNCs from rich countries are often involved-this can result in a lot of profit leaving the country
Jobs can be seasonal- especially in beach or skiing based resorts, meaning people are out of work for a large p
of the year
Tourists consume huge amounts of resources including food and water causing this type of tourism to be unsta
Land is lost from farming to tourist developments.
Case Study: Jamaica
Background Information:
Jamaica is an island in the Caribbean Sea within the Tropic.
South of Cuba. West of Haiti.
Mass tourism:
Jamaica has many people visit every year (1.9 million in 2011)
Has many attractions- beaches, deep see fishing, Caves, golf courses, water sports, cultural activities and environment
attractions.
Advantages:
Brings in money to Jamaica- 20% of its GDP is from tourism- this money can be spent on essential services such as hea
or education.

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Jamaicans work in tourism- it is a vital employer.
Tourism benefits many sections of the economy as people spend money in bars, restaurants and other local businesse
so tourism has a positive multiplier effect.
Disadvantages:
Seasonal jobs
Local employers paid low wages
Land is lost to build hotels
Local people cannot afford facilities put in place for tourists.…read more

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Rejuvenation
One approach taken by Blackpool to get out of recession was to apply to the government to be the home of the UK's first super
casino, a huge leisure and entertainment complex based on those in Vegas. Unfortunately Blackpool lost this development to
Manchester
To help rebrand Blackpool it has been given the name `Fylde coast'
They have built 5* hotels to appeal to the more upmarket customers.…read more

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