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JONES (1924): curing a boy's phobia

AIM: to investigate whether a phobia in a little boy could be deconditioned and
whether this would generalize to other objects

PROCEDURE: Jones watched 2YearOld Peter playing with beads as an
experimenter showed him a white rat
Peter screamed, and he was moved away…

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CONCLUSION: Both classical conditioning and social learning helped to
decondition Peter. Also helped to reduce generalized fears and helped Peter cope
with new animals.

STRENGTHS:

Jones made detailed observations over long period of time
Asked people to order tolerance series herself which avoided bias
Used different ways to decondition Peter…

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FINDINGS: Animals, in order of most feared: rat, cockroach, jellyfish, spider, slug,
grass snake, beetle, lizard, frog and so on... Least scary: (least scary first): Rabbit,
ladybird, cat, lamb

Men and women judged ugliness in the similar ways

Overall, BennettLevy and Marteau found some important patterns. People:
Were less likely…

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TREATING PHOBIAS



FLOODING
Extreme therapy, based on the theory of classical conditioning
Involves facing your fear directly E.G if you had a fear of snakes, you would have
to deal with being near snakes to overcome it.
In theory it seems very cruel

Flooding uses the idea that since classical…

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3) The therapist teaches the patient relaxation techniques, to help cope with the
exposure to the phobia
4) Starting with lowest fear rating, the therapist introduces them to the fear, and
then helps them relaxed. When they are ready they can move on to the next step

5) The patient…

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Multiagency working
Research, and more
HOW THE CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST WORKS
Makes an assessment of the problem
Plans an intervention
Evaluates the intervention

ASSESSMENT OF NEEDS
Starts by assessing a client's needs
Gather as much evidence as possible, and make observations of current
behaviour
Might use psychometric testing, which involves standardized…

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Learn to ask open questions
Being able to look at your own experiences and how these affect others
These can be achieved through training

QUALIFICATIONS REQUIRED
1) Degree in psychology, which is recognized by the BPS (most psychology
degrees are)
2) Must get relevant work experience
3) Get a doctorate…

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HYPNOTHERAPY
Involves helping the client to get into a relaxed state
In this state they are not focusing on their everyday problems but have a
heightened level of awareness where they can accept suggestions from the
therapist to overcome the phobia
PSYCHODYNAMICBASED THERAPIES
Focus on understanding the phobia, but not…

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HIGHEST SOCIAL ANXIETY TO LOWEST:
Japan, Korea, Spain, USA, Canada, Australia, The Netherlands, Germany



CONCLUSION
CC's show greater social anxiety and fear of blushing than IC.
CC's have strict rules about acceptable behaviour
Some will experience a punishment if they break a social norm

NATURENURTURE DEBATE
This study explains how…

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