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Psychology - Unit 4 ­ Stereotyping, Prejudice and Discrimination

Key Words

Stereotype: an oversimplified, generalised set of ideas that we have about
others, for example, all goths wear black and are suicidal.
Prejudice: a rigid set of attitudes or beliefs towards particular groups of
people. These attitudes are usually negative…

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Rubin et al (1977)

Aim: To find out if new parents stereotype their babies.
Method: Parents were asked to describe their new babies within 24 hours of
the baby being born.
Results: They found that parents of baby boys described their babies as being
alert and strong, whereas parents of…

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Adorno (1950)

Aim: To find out if there is a relationship between a person's personality type
and prejudiced beliefs.
Method: Hundreds of people were interviewed and tested using the F-scale.
Results: They found a relationship between personality traits and prejudiced
views.
Conclusion: There is an authoritarian personality and people with…

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Conclusion: Competition is a cause of prejudice.



Evaluation of Sherif's Robbers Cave Experiment:

The groups and competitions were artificial and so don't necessarily reflect
real life. As Sherif used 12 year olds, who were white and middle-class, the
results may not be generalised. As the boys were American, they shouldn't…

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Once Sherif had created the prejudice between the groups, his next aim was to
encourage a friendship between the boys. He did this by getting them to work
together to pull a truck out of the mud. He had previously tried bonding
activities, which failed. They needed to pull the…

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Evaluations:

Sherif: This method may have only been successful because his groups and the
prejudice between them was artificially created. However, his method did
show that prejudice can be reduced to achieve a common goal.
Aronson: Aronson found that his jigsaw method did lead to a reduction in the
prejudice…

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