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GCSE Psychology Topic C
Do TV and Video games affect young people's behaviour?
Key terminology - the role of the brain in aggression:
amygdala ­ a brain structure thought to be involved in aggression.
limbic system ­ an area of the brain involved in emotion.

Revision notes:
a person can…

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castrating a male animal lowers its testosterone level making it less aggressive
if that animal is then injected with testosterone its aggression level is restored to normal
this is strong evidence that testosterone is responsible for aggression
can we say the same about humans? It is unethical to deliberately increase…

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STENGTHS WEAKNESSES
The study is supported with evidence from Bandura's BUT not all children who observe aggressive behaviour
Bobo doll studies because he showed that children copy copy it.
behaviour. BUT Bandura's study was a laboratory experiment, this
means it is not VALID
There are many real life aggressive incidents…

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Revision notes:

Aims:
Ramirez and his colleagues wanted to investigate whether aggression varied between cultures. They were also
interested in the different aggression levels between males and females.

Procedure:
Their study involved 400 psychology students who volunteered to participate ­ half were at university in Japan,
the other half in…

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tally ­ a single mark on a chart to show that a behaviour/category has been found during content analysis.
unrepresentative ­ limited so that it might not apply to everyone.
reliability ­ refers to whether findings from a study would be found again if the study was repeated.

Revision notes:…

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The ethics of psychological research
Key terminology - the ethics of psychological research
consent ­ permission to take part in a study.
right to withdraw ­ a participant's right to leave a study at any time and their ability to do so.
deception ­ being lied to.
debrief- being told…

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Anderson and Dill (2000): video games and aggression
Key terminology - Anderson and Dill (2000): video games and aggression
independent variable ­ the factor which is changed by the researcher in an experiment to make two or more
conditions.
dependent variable ­ the factor which is measured in an experiment.…

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Demand Protection Useful in
POINT Deception characteris Reliability Generalisa from harm Validity real life
(ethical tics blility (ethical
issue) issue)
Description C
Charlton et al (2000): St Helena study
Key terminology - Charlton et al (2000): St Helena study
natural experiment ­ an experiment where the independent variable is naturally…

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Task 11: Answer the following questions:
a) What was the main finding of Charlton et al's (2000) study?



b) Suggest 2 similarities and 2 differences between the isolated St Helena community and your
community.



c) Describe one strength of Charlton et al's (2000) study.




d) Describe one weakness of Charlton…

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STENGTHS WEAKNESSES
Conducted in a real place and TV was introduced The researchers did not control what or how much TV
naturally. Far greater realism than any other type of the children watched, or the adult supervision and
experiment. control of viewing.
Because the same children were followed over a…

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