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President Civil Rights Trade unions Native Americans Women
Abraham Lincoln Emancipation Proclamation
1861-1865 1863 ­ black people can no
longer be owned as property +
can leave their masters
Thirteenth Amendment 1865 ­
established freedom in law +
provided freedmen with some
basic human rights
Andrew Johnson Fourteenth Amendment 1868…

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allowed the states to develop
their own black codes.

Ulysses S. Grant Fifteenth Amendment 1870 ­ Peace Policy ­ to minimise Comstock laws 1873 ­
1869-1877 forbade the denial of the vote to military conflicts with the effectively made the sale,
any man irrespective of colour. Indians decreased from 101…

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Grover Cleveland Dawes Severalty Act 1887 ­
1885 ­ 1889 end of the reservation act,
established the General
Allotment Act 1887 which
gave each head of the
family 160 acres of land for
25 years in trust ­
challenged the matriarchal
system of Native American
life.

Benjamin Harrison
1889 -…

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ruled the Mississippi poll tax was
constitutional




Theodore Roosevelt Supported the progressive United Mine Workers Cherokee Nation v.
1901-1909 movement but did not really Strike 1902 ­ set up a Hitchcock 1902 ­
address the question of black civil fact-finding commission challenged the right of
rights. that stopped the strike…

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William Howard Taft Took little interest in civil rights, Supported free
1909-1913 saw them as a question of immigration, so vetoed a
states' rights law passed by congress
Advised blacks to stay out of (and supported by labour
politics and focus on education unions) that would have
restricted unskilled
labourers…

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on their civil and religious funding was terminated in
rights. 1929
Bursum bill 1922 ­
authorised the acquisition
of Pueblo lands




With Southern
Democrats occupying
leading positions in
congress,
federal intervention
seemed unlikely in the
twenties when it came
to African Americans

Calvin Coolidge In favour of civil rights, Indian…

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The last republican education and wanted the races hires Charles Rhoads to put
president to receive assimilated into white culture together a reform package
large scale support along the lines of those
from blacks in an suggested in the report
election federal aid was increased

1928 ­ condemned the
allotment…

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permitted closed shops,
banned blacklists, national
labor relations board to
bargain on behalf of
workers and reinstate
unfairly dismissed workers,
fair labor standards act of
1938 $25 minimum weekly
wage and banned child
labour
Fair employment practices
commission 1941 ­ aimed
to eliminate racial
discrimination war-time




Harry Truman Desegregated the…

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providing work-related
training
Harrison v. Laveen 1948 ­
tried to register vote, wasn't
allowed, claimed their rights
had been violated.
Although court voted in
their favour other states in
the west continued to
restrict voting rights.
Japanese relocated to
reservation lands during
ww2




Eisenhower Little Rock 1957 ­ sent federal…

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John F Kennedy 1961 ­ Bill to increase President's commission
1960 ­ 1963 minimum wage rejected by on the status of women
congress. 1963 ­ resulted in the equal
New Frontier Equal Pay Act 1963 ­ wage pay act, but promoted
discrimination on basis of training for young women
gender…

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