A2 OCR History- Civil Rights in the USA (Trade Union and Labour Rights) 1865-1992

HideShow resource information
Preview of A2 OCR History- Civil Rights in the USA (Trade Union and Labour Rights) 1865-1992

First 165 words of the document:

A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02
Timeline of Trade Union and Labour Rights
1866- National Labour Union
1866-7- Iron Founder's Strike
1869- Knights of Labour
1869- National Negro Labour Union
1873- Wall Street Crash
1886- Wabash Railroad Strike
1886- American Federation of Labour
1886- Haymarket Affair
1890- Sherman Anti-Trust Act
1892- Homestead Strike
1894- Pullman Strike
1905- Industrial Workers of the World (Wobblies)
1905- Lochner v New York
1914- Clayton Anti-Trust Act
1918/1941- National War Labour Board
1923- Norris de la Guardia Act
1925- Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
1929- Wall Street Crash
1933- National Industry Recovery Act
1935- National Labour Relations Act/ Wagner Act
1937- Congress of Industrial Organizations
1938- Fair Labour Standards Act
1941- Fair Employment Practices Commission
1947- Taft-Hartley/ Labour Management Relations Act
1955- Merger of AFL-CIO
1

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02
1963- Equal Pay Act
1964- Economic Opportunity Act
1968- Age Discrimination in Employment Act
1970- Occupational Health and Safety Act
1972- Coalition of Black Trade Unions
1981- Professional Air Traffic Controller's Strike
2…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02
Trade Union and Labour Rights 1865-1992
1865-1914
At the beginning of the period, trade unions existed but as craft unions for skilled workers only in a
closed shop system. This meant that unskilled workers were exempt from joining these craft unions
and as a result were exploited by employers. Employers had no obligation to recognise trade unions
yet alone meet any of their demands.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02
labourers. The arrival of immigration exacerbated this which limited the progress of both trade union
rights (result of a lack of solidarity) and labour rights (workers were against each other)
Immigration during this time meant that a wave of foreign unskilled labourers entered the workforce.
These labourers were prepared to work in deprived conditions for little money and for long hours for
more than 16 hours per day.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02
Between 1914-1918, factory production increase by 35% and so did wages by 20%. Trade unions
were now federally recognised and through the National War Labour Board established in 1918 by
President Wilson there was growing awareness and implementation of better labour and trade union
rights. For example, employers had to set the maximum working hours to 8 per day.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02
Trade unions also grew rapidly during this time from 8.9m in 1940 to 14.8m in 1945. The NWLB
looked favourably towards both trade union and labour rights however the President was now capable
of seizing any plants that were under threat of a strike. Though, unemployment fell from 9m in 1940 to
780k in 1943, it showed that federal action was generally helpful to the cause.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02
advancements. The political swing also affected trade union rights with the Democrats now weakening
and the Republicans demonstrating their hostility towards organised labour.
Racism was particularly huge in labour, for example, only 74 of 7665 workers in Ford Motors were
black. In an attempt to combat this, President Nixon urged for the policy of affirmative action to deter
discrimination but racial divisions still seeped in which hindered the advancement of further labour
rights.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02
tended to have better wages and working hours. In addition, complaints to the NLRB were slowly
processed which meant employers could exploit their workers even more. The PATCO strike in 1981
helped shift the power to employers which the government had received during the presidency of
Roosevelt.
Changing political swings also meant that organised labour had less support from the Democrats.…read more

Comments

bluesy19

Very Comprehensive, covers time periods well without being too 'wordy'.

mccormickcol

Thank You Sooooooo much

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »