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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




Timeline of Trade Union and Labour Rights




1866- National Labour Union
1866-7- Iron Founder's Strike
1869- Knights of Labour
1869- National Negro Labour Union
1873- Wall Street Crash
1886- Wabash Railroad Strike
1886- American Federation of Labour
1886- Haymarket Affair…

Page 2

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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




1963- Equal Pay Act
1964- Economic Opportunity Act
1968- Age Discrimination in Employment Act
1970- Occupational Health and Safety Act
1972- Coalition of Black Trade Unions
1981- Professional Air Traffic Controller's Strike




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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




Trade Union and Labour Rights 1865-1992


1865-1914


At the beginning of the period, trade unions existed but as craft unions for skilled workers only in a
closed shop system. This meant that unskilled workers were exempt from joining these craft…

Page 4

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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




labourers. The arrival of immigration exacerbated this which limited the progress of both trade union
rights (result of a lack of solidarity) and labour rights (workers were against each other)
Immigration during this time meant that a wave of foreign…

Page 5

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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




Between 1914-1918, factory production increase by 35% and so did wages by 20%. Trade unions
were now federally recognised and through the National War Labour Board established in 1918 by
President Wilson there was growing awareness and implementation of better…

Page 6

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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




Trade unions also grew rapidly during this time from 8.9m in 1940 to 14.8m in 1945. The NWLB
looked favourably towards both trade union and labour rights however the President was now capable
of seizing any plants that were under…

Page 7

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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




advancements. The political swing also affected trade union rights with the Democrats now weakening
and the Republicans demonstrating their hostility towards organised labour.
Racism was particularly huge in labour, for example, only 74 of 7665 workers in Ford Motors were…

Page 8

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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




tended to have better wages and working hours. In addition, complaints to the NLRB were slowly
processed which meant employers could exploit their workers even more. The PATCO strike in 1981
helped shift the power to employers which the government…

Comments

bluesy19

Very Comprehensive, covers time periods well without being too 'wordy'.

mccormickcol

Thank You Sooooooo much

tomabbeyfield

safe

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