Native American's Civil Rights Timeline 1865-1992

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  • Created on: 19-03-13 09:59
Preview of Native American's Civil Rights Timeline 1865-1992

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`Indian War' period 1860s ­ c.1880 Assimilation Era 1880-1933 Indian New Deal 1933-1945 Termination and Relocation 1950 -1961 `Red Power' and Self Determination 1960+
1863 1887 1911-20s
1968 1978
Homestead Act Dawes severalty act/general allotment act Society of American Indians campaigned for education and
Trail of broken treaties American Indian religious freedom act aimed to
160 acres of land Indians given 160 acres of land, after 25 years would have healthcare but lacked funding to challenge the courts and support, preserve traditional religious practices
full ownership and rights of citizenship - Unallotted land was not a united vision for NAs 1943-4
on reservations to be offered to white Americans. "special schools" started
1862-7 American Indian Movement
serving Indian communities,
the plains wars, series of 1923 believed that direct and
1926 segregated, for example the 1975
clashes between Indian American Indian Defence Association created in militant confrontation was
Leavitt bill/dance order Catawba Indian school voting rights act makes
tribes and units of the US response to dance order blocked Bursum and Leavitt banned Pueblos to the only way forward
ballot papers bilingual
army 1890 1926 1973
perform traditional
Massacre at wounded knee, 1956
1869 dances Wounded knee II 1986
surrounding Americans were Indian Vocational Training act
From this date the Charrier v. Bell
frightened of an Indian 1922 1934 established vocational training
government refused to make 1978
uprising killed 200 Bursum Bill Indian Reorganisation act for American Indians so they
separate treaties with The longest walk protest
Authorised acquisition sought to protect Indians could get a `marketable skills'
individual tribes 1902 against the forced removal
of Pueblo lands from loss of lands and re- with federal funding
Chereokee Nation v. Hitchcock of Indians from their
1871 1985
establish tribal government. ancestral homes
challenged congress' right to deny them their rights Oneida v. Oneida
Indian Appropriations Part of new deal
to live according to their own laws and traditions
act: no more treaties
1860 1880 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980
1870 1890 1910 1930 1950 1970 1990
1871 Indian rights 1975
Reservation Association founded Indian self-determination
policy devoted to 1924 and education assistance act
assimilating NAs, Indian citizenship act 1972
1876 Indian Claims Committee
lobbied congress, Indians classified Indian Education Act
Battle of little bighorn 1944 set up to deal with claims for
didn't understand officially as `citizens' and
authorities went to National Congress of the return of land but did NA
NA culture/lifestyle given the right to vote 1968
round up Sioux and American Indians (NCAI) few favours. Worked slowly
Cheyenne who were 1902 Affirmative Action
designed to monitor federal and often offered monetary
defying authorities, Society of American Indians (SAI)
1896 policies compensation instead of 1968
they tried to encircle was first attempt to establish an
Plessy v. Ferguson asserted land. Initially set up for 5 Johnson's forgotten
the Indian inter-tribal pressure group.
"separate but equal" Indians years but so many claims it Americans speech end of
encampment but all Campaigned for improvement of
still second class citizens stayed open until 1978. termination
200 were killed. education and health care achieved
little and collapsed in 1920's 1969
1868 1902 Occupation of Alcatraz
Navajo tribe takes 300 mile Lone Wolf V. Hitchcock 1947 1961
journey to be relocated 1928
established right of congress to 1906 Bureau of Indian Affairs National Indian Youth Council
Meriam report
1864 revoke all treaties land led to controlled federal funding (NIYC) set up to resurrect sense 1968
Burke Act condemned allotment policy and
Sand creek massacre further acquisition of Indian land. Accelerated for NAs healthcare and of national pride and instil Indian Civil Rights Act prohibited states from
described conditions on the
a troop of Calvary attacked education, but slow to take activist message wanted to assuming jurisdiction over Indian country
allotment reservations
an undefended Cheyenne action and some corrupt preserve fishing rights without first securing tribal content
camp killing and mutilating 1905
elderly men women and Muskogee convention held
children by leaders of 5 civilised tribes
to discuss separate state of


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