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Revolutionary Nationalists began to plan a rising against British Power:
Padraic Pearse (IRB)
James Connolly (Irish Citizen Army founder)
Thomas MacDonagh (Gaelic League member)
Eamonn Ceannt (Gaelic League member)
Tom Clarke (Fenian)
Sean MacDermott (Gaelic League, Sinn Fein and Gaelic Athletic Association,
plus IRB)
Joseph Plunkett (Irish Volunteers)
Grattan: `England's difficulty is Ireland's opportunity'
Happened because British Army fighting in the Western Front ­ no British
Army in Dublin.
Home Rule delayed because of WWI ­ Radicals saw that wouldn't get what
they wanted.
Members of IRB and small number of Irish Volunteers refused to fight with
British armed forces in France.
Connolly agreed to support the IRB with his Irish Citizen Army, formed to…read more

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On Easter Monday, 24 April, insurgents occupied important buildings in the centre of
General Post Office was chosen as the headquarters of the rising --- symbolic of
the British government.
Socialist and Republican flags flying in the centre of the city.
Pearse stood on a pavement outside the GPO to read the Proclamation of the
Republic to a bewildered crowd of Dubliners.
`...Ireland, through us, summons her children to her flag and strikes for her
Hoping to incite rebellion amongst public ­ doesn't happen.
GPO open for business; two soldiers buying stamps became first `prisoners of war'.
Any policemen or soldiers who resisted were shot.
Rebels failed to capture Dublin Castle and the telephone exchange so government
organisation and communications were still in place.
Held the element of surprise, but numbered less than 2,000.
Troops brought in from Curragh on Monday evening and on Tuesday, soldiers who
were meant to fight in France began to land in Kingstown six miles south of Dublin.
Insurgents held the GPO, the Royal College of Surgeons, the Four Courts, Boland's
Mills, the South Dublin Union and several other buildings in the city centre.
Pinned down by machine-gun fire from Shelbourne Hotel and nearby barracks
occupied by government troops.…read more

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Events ctd...
Afternoon of Wednesday 26 April:
Column of British troops marched from Kingstown; ambushed by 12 volunteers ­
more than 200 British soldiers were killed.
Gunboat Helga sailed up the Liffey and fired shells at buildings held by the
People of Dublin didn't join ­ poor people looted shops.
On Thursday:
Guns in Trinity College shelled O'Connell Street
By Friday Afternoon ­ GPO was on fire.
2.30pm Saturday 29th April:
Pearse and Connolly signed an unconditional surrender and they and their men
were led away by British troops.…read more

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450 killed in the Rising
116 British killed
369 British wounded
Maxwell militant persona ­ violent dealing.
Imprisoned and interrogated 3,430 men and 79 women,
many of whom had no connection to the Rebellion.
Random arrests.
Firing squad victims not given proper trial.
Hangings, life transportation and prisons/camps in Britain.
15 of the leaders executed by firing squad.
Pearse and two others shot on 3rd May.
12th May ­ Connolly shot, bringing the executions to an
End to Asquith's `wait and see' policy.
Upped support for Sinn Fein.…read more

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The British Handling of the
Violent handling pushed Irish support away ­
too brutal.
Irish were led to support Sinn Fein ­ Home Rule
would not be enough.
`the Rising and the ferocity of the British
response led to a tide of sympathy for the
Connolly was shot in the leg during the rising;
he was tied to a chair and then shot in a firing
Started to speak of the rebels with respect and
admiration as a result.
Anti-British sentiment.
Though there was outrage that the Irish acted
during the War…read more

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