Britain and Ireland, 1791-1921 Complete Notes

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Whigs

Tories

Radicals

Liberal

Conservatives

Peelites

 

                                                 DATE

PRIME MINISTER

GOVERNMENT

1791-1801(14th March)

William Pitt the Younger

Tory

1801-1804 (10th May)

Henry Addington/ Sidmouth

Tory

1804-1806 (23rd January)

William Pitt the Younger

Tory

1806-1807 (31st march)

Lord Grenville

Whigs

1807-1809 (4th October)

Duke of Portland

Tory

1809-1812 (11th May)

Spencer Perceval

Tory

1812-1827

Lord Liverpool

Tory

1827 10th April- 8th August

George Canning

Tory

1827-1828 (21st January)

Frederik John Robinson

Tory

1828-1830 (16th November)

Duke of Wellington

Tory

1830-1834 (16th July)

Earl Grey

Whigs

1834-1835 (8th April)

Robert Peel

Tory

1835-1841 (30th August)

Lord Melbourne

Whigs

1841-1846 (29th June)

Robert peel

Conservative

1846-1852 (23rd February)

Lord John Russel

Liberal

1852 (23rd February- 19th December)

Earl of Derby

Conservative

1852- 1855 (30th January)

Earl of Aberdeen

Peelites

1855- 1858 (19th February)

Viscount Palmerston

Liberal

1858-1859 (12th June)

Earl of Derby

Conservative

1859- 1865 (18th October)

Viscount Palmerston

Liberal

1865 (29th October)- 1866 (28th June)

Lord John Russel

Liberal

1866-1868 (27th February)

Earl of Derby

Conservative

1868 (27th February- 1st December)

Benjamin Disraeli

Conservative

1868 (3rd December)-1874 (17th February)

William Wart Gladstone

Liberal

1874 (20th February)- 1880 (21st April)

Benjamin Disraeli

Conservative

1880 (23rd April)- 1885 (9th June)

William Wart Gladstone

Liberal

1885 (23rd June) -1886 (23rd January)

Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury

Conservative

1886 (1st February)-20th July

William Ewart Gladstone

Liberal

1886 (25th July)- (11th August 1892)

Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury

Conservative

1892 (15th august)- 1894 (2nd march)

William Ewart Gladstone

Liberal

1894 (5th march)- 1895 (22nd June)

Earl of Rosebery

Liberal

1895 (25th June)- 1902 (11th July)

Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury

Conservative

1902-1905 (5th December)

Arthur Balfour

Conservative

1905-1908 (3rd April)

Henry Campbell- Bannermann

Liberal

1906 (5th April)- 1916 (5th December)

H.H. Asquith

Liberal

1916 (6th December)-1922 (19th October)

David Lloyd George

Coalition / National Liberal Party

 

1688 – ‘Glorious revolution’ – all monarchs should be protestant

Charles 2nd was a Catholic and was beheaded for it.

Charles 2nd had many children and the Duke of Monmouth

Charles 2nd had no legitimate sons

James 2nd therefore takes the throne and publicly announced his Catholicism 

-       This displeased the Whigs

-       They said it threatened Britain after the gunpowder plot

-       Tory view - If the Monarch is legitimate, treason is the only reason to remove them from power – they wouldn’t overthrow his

-       The Whigs wouldn’t overthrow him but if he had a son, there would be a Catholic rule

-       Exclusion Crisis – James 2nd eldest son not to take the throne.

-       (youngest child) Mary decided to grow up a Protestant and married to William of Orange – James 2nd renounced his

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