Slides in this set
1902 May Peace of Vereeniging
1903 Mar Committee of Imperial Defence est.
1904 Esher enquiry Report pub
- War office reorganisation carried through
1906 Jan Liberal landslide
1906-12 Haldane reforms of army
1906-12 Various social reforms national efficiency
1906 Intro free school meals
1907 Medical Inspection in schools
1911- National Health Insurance…read more
The British had perhaps learned one lesson from the war that
being it was EXPENSIVE 22,000 dead + £200 m debt
March 1903 Committee of Imperial Defence est.
Chaired by PM, attended by both political and service heads of
army, navy and heads of intelligence services
AIM to give strategic direction to defence planning
1902 Lord Salisbury est. Royal Commission under Lord
1903 recommended changes in the organisation of the army
for efficiency i.e. abolition of post commander-in-chief
Lord Esher (Royal Commission member) along with Gerald
Ellison (Royal Commission's secretary Lieutenant Colonel)
appointed to make recommendations on the reorganisation
of the War Office
Esher Report, pub. Feb + March of 1904…read more
Senior figure on the Army council, was Chief of the General
Staff in charge of `Planning & Training'
Executive officer controlled `Welfare & Recruiting'
Quartermaster-General controlled `Supplies & Transport'
Master General of Ordnance controlled `Armaments &
2. Soldiers' life & capabilities:
Khaki become official uniform colour
New weapons - Lee Enfield rifle + quick firing guns
3. 1904-05 old drill books replaced…read more
Army Reforms continued...
Haig, Director of Training, adopted professionalism with his
officers and men
5. New military base
6. College of Camberley adopted a serious
approach to the training of senior officers
7. Various schemes est. for resolving the problems
of sufficient reserves and the need for a field
force for abroad while retaining forces for
domestic security…read more
Haldane was appointed cabinet minister for
war, in the Liberal government 1906-12.
The reforms were based around Cardwell's
reforms with the local regiments .
The militia & volunteers became the Territorials
and so was born the BEF.
They were organised into field divisions complete
with transport and artillery
1910 276,618 officers and men in the
Haldane reforms took part in a drive for greater
national efficiency…read more