The Aftermath of the Boer War (1899-1902)

This presentation looks at:

A) Army Reforms of 1914

B) Views on the Empire and Imperialism

C) The 'national efficeny' debate

D) 1905-06 Party politics

E) Summary of the statregic position of Britain after Boer War ended

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Slide 1

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The Boer War (1899-1902)
THE AFTERMATH!…read more

Slide 2

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Key events
1902 May ­ Peace of Vereeniging
1903 Mar ­ Committee of Imperial Defence est.
1904 ­ Esher enquiry Report pub
- War office reorganisation carried through
1906 Jan ­ Liberal landslide
1906-12 ­ Haldane reforms of army
1906-12 ­ Various social reforms ­ national efficiency
1906 ­ Intro free school meals
1907 ­ Medical Inspection in schools
1911- National Health Insurance…read more

Slide 3

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The aftermath!
The British had perhaps learned one lesson from the war that
being it was EXPENSIVE ­ 22,000 dead + £200 m debt
March 1903 ­ Committee of Imperial Defence est.
Chaired by PM, attended by both political and service heads of
army, navy and heads of intelligence services
AIM ­ to give strategic direction to defence planning
1902 ­ Lord Salisbury est. Royal Commission under Lord
1903 ­ recommended changes in the organisation of the army
for efficiency i.e. abolition of post commander-in-chief
Lord Esher (Royal Commission member) along with Gerald
Ellison (Royal Commission's secretary Lieutenant Colonel)
appointed to make recommendations on the reorganisation
of the War Office
Esher Report, pub. Feb + March of 1904…read more

Slide 4

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Army Reforms
1. Departments:
Senior figure on the Army council, was Chief of the General
Staff in charge of `Planning & Training'
Executive officer controlled `Welfare & Recruiting'
Quartermaster-General controlled `Supplies & Transport'
Master General of Ordnance controlled `Armaments &
2. Soldiers' life & capabilities:
Khaki become official uniform colour
New weapons - Lee Enfield rifle + quick firing guns
3. 1904-05 ­ old drill books replaced…read more

Slide 5

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Army Reforms continued...
4. Training
Haig, Director of Training, adopted professionalism with his
officers and men
5. New military base
Salisbury plain
6. College of Camberley ­ adopted a serious
approach to the training of senior officers
7. Various schemes est. for resolving the problems
of sufficient reserves and the need for a field
force for abroad while retaining forces for
domestic security…read more

Slide 6

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Haldane Reforms
Haldane was appointed cabinet minister for
war, in the Liberal government 1906-12.
The reforms were based around Cardwell's
reforms with the local regiments .
The militia & volunteers became the Territorials
and so was born the BEF.
They were organised into field divisions complete
with transport and artillery
1910 ­ 276,618 officers and men in the
Territorial Army
Haldane reforms took part in a drive for greater
national efficiency…read more

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