The Thatcher Revolution - Politics (Complete notes AQA - 9th of 16)

These notes are for the 'Making of Modern Britain' course on AQA and as such follow the spec, although would be useful for all modern britian courses. They contain hystoriography, detail and explanations. 

The notes are devided into the sections of the spec, therefore there are 16 documents (as there are 4 areas (politics, economics, society, and foriegn policy) and there are 4 periods (Post war, Wilson + heath, Thatcher, and Blair)). 

Pages in this set

Page 1

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The
`Thatcher
Revolution',
1975-1990
­
Politics


The
Labour
governments
under
Wilson
and
Callaghan
and
the
reasons
for
the

Conservative
election
victory
of
1979;
the
role
of
key
personalities:
Thatcher
and

her
ministers;
internal
divisions
in
the
Labour
Party
and
the
formation
of
the
SDP;

the
reasons
for
the
fall
of…

Page 2

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o Freeze
imposed
on
rents.

o TUC
in
return
hoped
to
get
voluntary
wage
restraint.

- Settled
strike,
ended
three-day
week
and
ended
state
of
emergency.

- Promise
of
pension
increases,
price
controls
and
food
subsidies.


Labour
and
the
EEC



- Division
over
membership


o Many
regarded
it
as
too…

Page 3

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o Plaid
Cymru
and
SNP.

o SNP
30%
in
Scotland
in
1974.

! 11
MPs.

o Plaid
Cymru
10%
in
walesin
1974.

! 3
MPs.

- Trade
unions


o Increasing
wildcat
strikes,
with
TUC
having
less
control.


o Arthur
Scargill
and
other
militant
leaders.

- International
fear


o April
1975…

Page 4

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Political
strategy

- Made
few
substantial
changes
to
Cabinet

- Lib-Lab
Pact

o By
1977
Labour
didn't
have
a
majority,
so
could
be
defeated.

o Pact
with
13
Liberals
gave
some
concessions.

! Mainly
the
votes
on
devolution
in
Scotland
and
Wales.

- Held
out
for
most
opportune
moment
for…

Page 5

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o Civil
Servants


o Liverpool
Grave
diggers
-1979

! Leaving
bodies
unburied

o Dustbin
men


! Bins
piled
up
in
the
streets

o Water
workers
northeast


! Creating
contaminated
water

o Nurses


- Unions
wage
gains
(remember
5%
limit)

o Ford
workers
gained
17%
rise.

o Fire-fighters
gained
22%.


o…

Page 6

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- K.O.
Morgan

o `The
unions
destroyed
wantonly
a
government
which
could
hardly

have
been
gentler
towards
them.'

- Geoff
Stewart

o The
memory
of
picket
lines
and
unfilled
graves
would
linger
for

many
years,
damaging
Labour's
electoral
chances
and
the

reputations
of
the
unions
themselves.
`The
gravediggers
had
dug…

Page 7

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- Hardworking
and
rather
serious.


- Understood
political
image

o Used
advertising
gurus
Saatchi
and
Saatchi
to
polish
her
political

image.

- Chose
Willie
Whitelaw
as
loyal
deputy.


o He
was
more
of
a
`wet'
than
a
`dry'
but
his
loyalty
got
the

`Heathites'
onside.

- Thatcher's
cabinet
was
mixed…

Page 8

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o Used
Saatchi
and
Saatchi
to
polish
her
image

- Callaghan
was
not
able
to
deflect
media
coverage
away
from
`winter
of

discontent'.

o The
economy
dominated
politics.

o Labour
voters
stayed
home?
Turnout
was
better
than
1974.

o Sandbrook
supports
this
idea.

- Thatcher
spoke
in
broad
terms
of…

Page 9

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o Employers
were
given
greater
power
to
sack
workers.

- Results
of
acts

o With
rising
unemployment
and
new
legislation
Unions
were
less

inclined
to
strike.

o 1982
Rail
strike
called
off.

o Miners
refused
to
strike
when
Mr
Scargill
called
them
to.

o Civil
service
and
NHS
disputes
were…

Page 10

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o Introduced
a
new
'block
grant'
and
compulsory
competitive

tendering
(CCT)
for
direct
labour
organisations.


o The
block
grant
allowed
the
government
to
impose
grant
penalties

on
councils
which
exceeded
expenditure
targets.

- This
led
to
many
conservative
councils
keeping
within
their
limits,
while

Labour
ones
didn't,
rising
taxes
as…

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