The Triumph of Elizabeth AQA complete Revision Guide with Quotes

AQA complete Revision Guide with Quotes, it goes through the syllabus in a note format 

Notes are taken from the AQA revision book 

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  • Created on: 29-05-12 20:40
Preview of The Triumph of Elizabeth AQA complete Revision Guide with Quotes

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The Legacy of Henry VIII
Religious Social Economical/Financial
He tried to excluded Mary and Elizabeth
out of the Succession
1533-4 one of his greatest
Conducted factional rivalries with his privy
achievements by breaking away
council in order to make decisions for
from the Church of Rome to create
the Church of England. This
provoked opposition and rebels in
His health deteriorated by 1546 and
the Pilgrimage of Grace 1536. He used debasement
Edward Seymour (Somerset) was chosen
to pay for the wars
to be his son's Lord Protector. Giving him
He could shape religious doctrines with France and
ultimate power as he obtained the Dry
of the Church as Supreme Head. He Scotland which caused
Stamp inflation and bad
dissolved monasteries which caused
the weakening of the Church. conditions for Edward
Good costal trade with Netherlands being VI's reign.
the main exporter of woollen cloth,
Church took care of the poor before
Antwerp markets were good for trading
Henry's reformation so there was
also. Political tension did cause trade
an increase in the poor, there were
embargos between them. The society was
bad harvests too.
in a bad way.
Ultimately the Crown had power over
Parliament and Church in England
Mid Tudor Crisis 1547-58
The Reign of Edward VI 1547-1553:
Somerset: (1547-49)
Situation at the start of his reign:
Bad economic conditions (debasement effects)
Unpopularity from religious policies
Made indecisive decisions in the rebellions of 1549
He rewarded his supporters with crown lands and overthrown
the regency council.

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He had an aggressive approach to Scotland. He wanted Mary Queen of Scots and Edward to
marry in order to create positive relations with them with England.
He defeated Scotland in the Battle of Pinkie in 1547 and built garrisons and forts there
Debasement paid for the war causing inflationary pressures and adding to social distress
from deteriorating relations with France.…read more

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He did operate with efficiency had his key administrator was William Cecil. He achieved sustainability
in finances and increased the revenues of Churches and financial administration. This didn't come into
play until Mary I's reign though. He used the Coup to remove Somerset off power.…read more

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Altars, the replacement of images and crucifixes were all set up
Parishes were happy to go along with her illegal actions of conducting catholic services
Changes were not universally accepted by troubles in Kent, London and Essex etc.
When Mary started she appointed 50 councillors during her
reign which may have caused a faction-ridden government
making it ineffective. They wanted her to marry Phillip II of
pain but there was some opposition by her councillors.…read more

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Any clergy men who married were deprived of all their livings which were a ¼ overall. Others
gave up their wives. (Cardinal Pole is the Arch Bishop of Canterbury). She reversed the Act of
the Attainder (could declare an individual guilty of treason and their property could be
fortified to the crown). As Pole was charged with this after he conspired against Henry VIII,
now he wouldn't be guilty of treason and he could remain in the county.…read more

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Policies Under Mary I What were they?
Revenue administration Implemented changes to finances and there were new policies to grow money such as t
Book of Rates 1558 which increased custom revenues
Re-coinage Dealing with problems caused by debased coins within the economy. The implementati
this was put off due to war, disease and harvest failures
Naval and militia £14,000 annually given to the navy, with additional provision to weapons. This was bett
reforms than the previous system.…read more

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On the 17th of November Mary's Lord Chancellor announced her death and proclaimed Elizabeth to
the succession. At this stage her catholic subjectives would remain loyal. She appointed Lord Cecil to
be her principle secretary and established a partnership with the Government. Her friend Robert
Dudley was appointed Master of the Horse. She didn't make any other Political appointments and 9
of Mary's councillors confirmed their loyalty to her.
Team Cecil Team Dudley
Elizabeth had complete faith and judgement in him.…read more

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Act of Supremacy 1559 Restore the Supremacy of the Church Restored the legal position of the
which was removed in Mary's Reign. crown. Gave legislative authority to
the crow to act upon church
measures.…read more

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English Bible and the commentaries translated
in English. She disapproved of Clergy marriages.…read more

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The significance of the Church settlement
Improvement of internal affairs by March 1559 as peace negotiations were made at the Câteau of
Cambresis so parliament reassembled after Easter. Clergymen were ordered to form a new
protestant service.…read more


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