The Post-War Consensus - Politics (AQA complete notes 1/16)

These notes are for the 'Making of Modern Britain' course on AQA and as such follow the spec, although would be useful for all modern britian courses. They contain hystoriography, detail and explanations. 

The notes are devided into the sections of the spec, therefore there are 16 documents (as there are 4 areas (politics, economics, society, and foriegn policy) and there are 4 periods (Post war, Wilson + heath, Thatcher, and Blair)). 

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  • Created by: tom baker
  • Created on: 08-10-15 22:06

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Page 1

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The
Post-War
Consensus?
1951-1964
-
Politics

The
`Attlee
legacy'
and
the
so-called
post-war
consensus;
The
reasons
for
the

Conservative
political
dominance
from
1951;
the
role
of
key
personalities,
including

Eden,
Butler
and
Macmillan;
internal
divisions
in
the
Labour
Party;
the
reasons
for

Conservative
defeat
in
1964

Attlee
1945-51


The
Welfare…

Page 2

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! Initially
thought
that
it
would
be,
in
effect,
self-financing

through
National
Insurance.

! 1949
The
Health
budget
was
£597
billion,
or
4.7%
or
GDP.




Nationalisation



- Reasoning

o To
promote
efficiency


! All
industries
except
Iron
and
Steel
were
struggling
for

funding.

o To
promote
social
justice


- Implementation…

Page 3

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o 900
primary
schools
(for
baby
boom)

o Only
250
secondary
schools

- School
leaving
age
raised
to
15



Historiography


- Positive

o Nigel
Lawson


! `The
Attlee
government...set
the
political
agenda
for
the

next
quarter
of
a
century."

- Negative

o Coates
(socialist)


! `Social
transformation
had
not
come.'…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
o R.A.
Butler


o Harold
Macmillan

o Maxwell-Fyfe
­
Home
office

- Ignored
traditionalists
in
the
party

o No
reintroduction
of
seats
in
the
Lords
for
universities

o ITV
was
allowed
to
be
set
up


- Often
was
forced
to
leave
others
in
charge
while
off
ill.

o Eden
and…

Page 5

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! 1954:
354,000
were
built

o Policies

! 1952
­
Housing
subsidy
increased
from
£25
to
£35
per

home.

· Supported
by
Butler.

! Mortgages
were
to
be
more
readily
available

! Limited
1947
Town
and
Country
planning
Act
that
had

made
most
building
require
planning
permission.

· 1954
Town…

Page 6

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- Macleod
tried
to
fight
for
more
money
for
hospitals
for
modernisation,

but
housing
building
etc
took
priority.


- Prescription
charge
raised
to
20
pence.

o No
great
public
outcry.

- Historiography

o W.
Rubenstein
`Tories
accepted
a
great
bulk
of
Labour's
reforms...

nevertheless,
Churchill's'
government
evolved
a
distinctive

programme...placed…

Page 7

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- Negative


o Pearce
and
Goodlad

! He
clung
to
power
when
his
colleagues
wished
he
would
go.

He
was
a
resilient
limpet.


! His
second
term
as
PM
was
an
anti-climax
­
but
it
was

always
going
to
be
so
when
compared
with
his
1940-1945

triumph
achievements.

o Churchill's…

Page 8

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o

Anthony
Eden
1955-57


Background

- 58
years
old

- Educated
at
Eton
and
Oxford

o Aristocratic


- Fought
in
WW1,
reaching
rank
as
captain.


- He
was
quite
ill

- He
had
spent
his
entire
ministerial
career
in
the
Foreign
office

o Limited
knowledge
of
economic
and
domestic
policy…

Page 9

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!Widely
debated
topic
in
the
commons

!Free
vote
had
showed
it
was
desired
for
it
to
be
abolished

!Legislation
was
drafted
on
limiting
it,
but
it
was
unpopular

with
everybody


- Underestimated
Macmillan

o Macmillan
set
down
a
desire
for
`firm
support'
of
the
PM
on

becoming
Chancellor
(effectively
conditions,…

Page 10

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- October
Party
conference
passed
motion
proposed
by
`Suez
group'

o `Nasser's
aggression
must
be
resisted
and
defeated'

o Not
helpful
to
compromise

- The
cabinet
agreed
to
take
action
with
the
French

o (See
foreign
policy
section)

- There
was
great
public
discontent,
and
parliamentary
disagreement

o Marches
and…

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