The Post-War Consensus - Politics (AQA complete notes 1/16)

These notes are for the 'Making of Modern Britain' course on AQA and as such follow the spec, although would be useful for all modern britian courses. They contain hystoriography, detail and explanations. 

The notes are devided into the sections of the spec, therefore there are 16 documents (as there are 4 areas (politics, economics, society, and foriegn policy) and there are 4 periods (Post war, Wilson + heath, Thatcher, and Blair)). 

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: tom baker
  • Created on: 08-10-15 22:06
Preview of The Post-War Consensus - Politics (AQA complete notes 1/16)

First 549 words of the document:

The
Post-War
Consensus?
1951-1964
-
Politics
The
`Attlee
legacy'
and
the
so-called
post-war
consensus;
The
reasons
for
the
Conservative
political
dominance
from
1951;
the
role
of
key
personalities,
including
Eden,
Butler
and
Macmillan;
internal
divisions
in
the
Labour
Party;
the
reasons
for
Conservative
defeat
in
1964
Attlee
1945-51
The
Welfare
State
- In
June
1941
committee
for
fairer
society
set
up,
and
the
findings
(Beverage
report
1942)
created
clear
aims.
o Protection
for
all
`from
the
cradle
to
the
grave'.
o Ensure
that
the
`five
evils'
were
removed.
! Poverty
! Disease
! Ignorance
! Squalor
! Idleness
- Acts
of
Parliament
laid
the
foundations
for
the
Welfare
State.
o The
National
Insurance
Act
! Universal
compulsory
payments
by
the
employer,
employee
and
government,
out
of
which
payments
would
be
made
in
times
of
sickness,
unemployment,
maternity
expenses,
widowhood
and
retirement.
o The
Industrial
Injuries
Act
! Provided
cover
for
accidents
that
happened
at
work.
o The
National
Health
Service
Act
! Brought
the
whole
population
into
a
scheme
of
free
medical
and
hospital
treatment.
! Prescriptions,
glasses
and
dentistry
were
included.
o The
National
Assistance
Act
! Set
up
boards
to
deal
with
hardship
and
poverty.
o The
Education
Act
1944
(AKA
Butler
Act)
! Compulsory
free
education.
! After
selection
by
exam
aged
11,
children
were
sent
to
either
a
grammar
or
technical
school.
o The
Family
Allowances
Act
1945
! Provided
weekly
payments
for
every
child
after
the
first.
! Money
was
paid
directly
to
the
mother.
- Issues
with
the
Welfare
State.
o The
British
Medical
Association
had
key
concerns
! Worried
lose
independence.
! Nationalisation
treated
the
medical
profession
like
industry.
! (The
doctors
put
aside
their
opposition
once
they
were
guaranteed
that
they
would
not
lose
their
private
patients
or
lose
out
financially.)
o Financing

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Initially
thought
that
it
would
be,
in
effect,
self-financing
through
National
Insurance.
! 1949
The
Health
budget
was
£597
billion,
or
4.7%
or
GDP.
Nationalisation
- Reasoning
o To
promote
efficiency
! All
industries
except
Iron
and
Steel
were
struggling
for
funding.
o To
promote
social
justice
- Implementation
o 1949
Parliamentary
Reform
Act
stopped
the
Conservatives
from
using
their
majority
in
the
House
of
Lords
from
blocking
the
legislation.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Only
250
secondary
schools
- School
leaving
age
raised
to
15
Historiography
- Positive
o Nigel
Lawson
! `The
Attlee
government...set
the
political
agenda
for
the
next
quarter
of
a
century."
- Negative
o Coates
(socialist)
! `Social
transformation
had
not
come.'
! `Labour
had
only
marginally
shifted
the
distribution
of
social
power.'
! `Labour
had
not
created
a
socialist
commonwealth.'
o Barnett
! `The
New
Jerusalem...…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

R.A.
Butler
o Harold
Macmillan
o Maxwell-Fyfe
­
Home
office
- Ignored
traditionalists
in
the
party
o No
reintroduction
of
seats
in
the
Lords
for
universities
o ITV
was
allowed
to
be
set
up
- Often
was
forced
to
leave
others
in
charge
while
off
ill.
o Eden
and
RAB
often
took
roles.
- Apparently
ignored
tensions
in
his
government.
o Butler
and
Macmillan
didn't
get
on.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Policies
! 1952
­
Housing
subsidy
increased
from
£25
to
£35
per
home.
· Supported
by
Butler.
! Mortgages
were
to
be
more
readily
available
! Limited
1947
Town
and
Country
planning
Act
that
had
made
most
building
require
planning
permission.
· 1954
Town
and
Country
planning
act.
! Local
authorities
could
use
private
builders
to
build
local
homes.
! New
towns
­
Basildon,
Hemel
Hempstead,
Crawley
plus
others
were
completed
to
encourage
the
dwellers
in
overcrowded
cities
to
relocate.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Macleod
tried
to
fight
for
more
money
for
hospitals
for
modernisation,
but
housing
building
etc
took
priority.
- Prescription
charge
raised
to
20
pence.
o No
great
public
outcry.
- Historiography
o W.
Rubenstein
`Tories
accepted
a
great
bulk
of
Labour's
reforms...
nevertheless,
Churchill's'
government
evolved
a
distinctive
programme...placed
a
greater
emphasis
on
the
consumer'.
Workers
and
industry
- Privatisation
o There
had
been
complaints
about
iniquities
of
nationalisation
by
the
conservatives,
but
little
change
was
made.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

Negative
o Pearce
and
Goodlad
! He
clung
to
power
when
his
colleagues
wished
he
would
go.
He
was
a
resilient
limpet.
! His
second
term
as
PM
was
an
anti-climax
­
but
it
was
always
going
to
be
so
when
compared
with
his
1940-1945
triumph
achievements.
o Churchill's
doctor
! Alcohol
fuddles
what
is
left
of
his
wits.
o Jane
Portal,
Churchill's
Sectary
! He
grew
more
senile
and
deafer.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

Anthony
Eden
1955-57
Background
- 58
years
old
- Educated
at
Eton
and
Oxford
o Aristocratic
- Fought
in
WW1,
reaching
rank
as
captain.
- He
was
quite
ill
- He
had
spent
his
entire
ministerial
career
in
the
Foreign
office
o Limited
knowledge
of
economic
and
domestic
policy
o Foreign
minister
in
WW2
! Anti-appeasement
in
1930s
- More
of
a
reformer.
o Shown
by
cabinet.
o `incarnates...
new
conservatism'
­
Daily
telegraph
o Used
the
phrase
`property
owning
democracy'
a
lot.…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

Widely
debated
topic
in
the
commons
!Free
vote
had
showed
it
was
desired
for
it
to
be
abolished
!Legislation
was
drafted
on
limiting
it,
but
it
was
unpopular
with
everybody
- Underestimated
Macmillan
o Macmillan
set
down
a
desire
for
`firm
support'
of
the
PM
on
becoming
Chancellor
(effectively
conditions,
with
a
`blank
cheque')
o Macmillan
beat
Eden
over
the
desire
to
remove
subsidies,
through
a
subtle
threat
to
resign
if
the
food
subsides
were
not
lowered
significantly.…read more

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Here's a taster:

October
Party
conference
passed
motion
proposed
by
`Suez
group'
o `Nasser's
aggression
must
be
resisted
and
defeated'
o Not
helpful
to
compromise
- The
cabinet
agreed
to
take
action
with
the
French
o (See
foreign
policy
section)
- There
was
great
public
discontent,
and
parliamentary
disagreement
o Marches
and
demonstrations
occurred
o Parliament
had
to
be
suspended
for
30
minutes
due
to
uproar
! 30th
October
- Cabinet
voted
in
favour
of
further
action
(4
November)
o 12
for,
while
6
were
against
- `Law…read more

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »