AQA A2 History Unit 3M (HIS3M) - The Making of Modern Britain, 1951-2007

Full course notes I created with some historiography too. I no longer need them so it's time to share them with the world.

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A2 History Unit 3M
The Making of Modern Britain, 1951-2007

Modern Britain 1951-64 ­ Politics & Economy

Conservative Dominance, 1951-57

Reorganisation of the party following the shock defeat in 1945 was important to this.
Labour infighting between Bevanites and Gaitskellites.
1951 marked the end of austerity and the start of…

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High hopes for Eden ­ foreign policy specialist with progressive ideas.
Ruined by Suez Crisis, October 1956.
Eden was seen as weak ­ came under attack from Labour and sections of the press.
He had lied to the House of Commons ­ his prestige was badly tarnished.
Suez split the…

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After 1959 election defeat, splits widened.
CND (Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament) pressed for unilateral disarmament.
Many Labour left-wingers joined in with CND protests.
Also faced opposition from trade unions over nuclear weapons.
Labour missed chance to modernise by getting rid of a clause that committed the
party to nationalisation.

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General Election of 1964

Labour won by just 3 seats.
Factors against Conservatives:
o A run of scandals and events in 1962-63
o Power vacuum following resignation of Macmillan
o Growing sense of impatience with the old `Establishment' and a desire for
generational change
o Wilson was a strong campaigner,…

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Birth rates ran consistently ahead of death rates throughout the post-war era and
medical treatment improved under the welfare state.
Inward migration ­ particularly from West Indies and parts of the New
Commonwealth after 1948.
However, outward migration was higher in the 1950s and 60s:
o 1950s ­ Britain received…

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1944 Education Act aimed to give equal status to grammar schools, technical
schools and secondary moderns ­ this never materialised in practice.
Secondary modern schools were seen as receptacles for Eleven Plus failures.
Robbins Report of 1962 led to the expansion of higher education ­ new universities
sprang up in…

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Modern Britain 1951-64 ­ Foreign Policy

By 1951, Britain had already had to face up to the prospect of imperial decline.
WW2 had left Britain badly damaged and in the shadow of the USA and USSR.
Independence already granted to India and Pakistan in 1947.
However, the illusion of power…

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During the 1950s, the pressures of colonial independence became harder to contain.
France, Belgium and Portugal faced these pressures too.
In the early 1950s, British leaders thought they could manage a gradual transition
from Empire to Commonwealth.

The Suez Crisis of 1956

The Suez Canal was an important trade route…

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Britain and Europe, 1955-63

The Schuman Plan set out the proposals for a Coal and Steel Community promoting
rapid economic reconstruction ­ it was to be the foundation of economic
cooperation across Europe, a scheme strongly supported by Britain and the USA.
At any time up to 1957, Britain could…

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The negotiations finally reached a seemingly successful end in January 1963, until de
Gaulle vetoed the application ­ the other members had all agreed.
His intervention caused bad relations between Britain and France for some time, and
it was his veto that blocked British entry to the EEC in 1967.…







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Thanks, I was starting to panic thinking I'd fail the exam but then I found your clear, concise notes! :)



This is really awesome, thank you so much! This is so awesome. It's like an A2 Crash Course. Will definitely be using this for my exam. Thank you!!!! **



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