The post-War Consensus - Society (AQA complete notes 4/16)

These notes are for the 'Making of Modern Britain' course on AQA and as such follow the spec, although would be useful for all modern britian courses. They contain hystoriography, detail and explanations. 

The notes are devided into the sections of the spec, therefore there are 16 documents (as there are 4 areas (politics, economics, society, and foriegn policy) and there are 4 periods (Post war, Wilson + heath, Thatcher, and Blair)). 

Pages in this set

Page 1

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The
Post-War
Consensus?
1951-1964
­
Society

Social
tension:
1950s
unrest;
race
riots,
violence,
criminality
and
hooliganism;

selection
and
the
divisive
nature
of
secondary
education;
changes
in
attitudes
to

class

Society
in
1951

- Few
homes
owned
televisions,
which
were
black
and
white.

- Most
buildings
were
covered
in
sooty
air…

Page 2

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o Agriculture
was
main
industry

! Propped
up
by
subsidies

! Investment
did
help
though,
with
mechanisation.

· Output
increased
from
88
in
1950
to
129
in
1966.

o Strong
sense
of
local
identity

! Often
close
extended
families

o Changes
were
brought
by
transport

! Mass
car
ownership

-…

Page 3

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- Government
change

o 1958
Life
Peerages
Act
allowed
people
to
be
granted
peerages
to

sit
in
the
house
of
Lords,
removing
the
absolutism
of
the
upper

class.

- Job
changes

o Non-manual
workers
change
from
20%
of
working
population
to

31.5%
by
1959.

! Men
was
22%
to
28%…

Page 4

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Violence,
criminality
and
hooliganism


- Crime
rates

o From
1951-
1955
criminal
behaviour
fell


o Crime
more
than
doubled
between
1955
and
1965

o Examples

! Cray
twins

· Built
up
a
empire
of
clubs
and
`property

development'

· Met
with
celebrities


! Mods
Vs
Rockers

· Rockers
rode
motorcycles,…

Page 5

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o Anthony
Crosland,
Labour's
opposition,
began
the
plans
for
them.

o Edward
Boyle,
Education
Secretary
1962
to
1964
was
willing
to

consider
plans.

- 1962
Government
commissioned
Robbins
Report.

o This
led
to
massive
expansion
of
higher
education.

! 8
New
universities
had
already
been
build
by
1960
(pre-
report).…

Page 6

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o 1962
Lady
Chatterly's
lover
was
republished,
causing
outcries
of

moral
decadence,
and
a
high
profile
count
case.

- Much
writing
seemed
to
be
critical
of
the
times

o John
Osborne's
play
`Look
back
in
anger'
he
railed
against
social

snobbery.

o John
Braine's
`Room
at
the
top'
showed
how…

Page 7

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- Wage
increases
meant
people
were
more
free
to
spend

o Particularly
for
young
unmarried
men

- Supermarkets
increased

o Conservative
legislation
of
1964
allowed
supermarkets
to
out

price
corner
shops.

o Increase
in
supermarkets
from
300
to
5,000
between
1958
and

1972.

o Small
neighbourhood
stores
were
increasingly
replaced…

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