The Post-War Consensus - Foreign policy (AQA complete notes 3/16)

These notes are for the 'Making of Modern Britain' course on AQA and as such follow the spec, although would be useful for all modern britian courses. They contain hystoriography, detail and explanations. 

The notes are devided into the sections of the spec, therefore there are 16 documents (as there are 4 areas (politics, economics, society, and foriegn policy) and there are 4 periods (Post war, Wilson + heath, Thatcher, and Blair)). 

Pages in this set

Page 1

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The
Post-War
Consensus?
1951-1964
­
Foreign
affairs


Britain's
declining
imperial
role;
the
Suez
Crisis
of
1956
and
the
`wind
of
change'
in

Africa;
the
reasons
why
Britain
did
not
join
the
EEC
between
1955
and
1963

Attlee
1945-51

Ernest
Bevin
(until
death)
followed
by
Herbert
Morison




Achievements



- 1947
Indian…

Page 2

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- Ill
health

o While
off
ill,
Churchill
took
over
his
role,
which
induced
another

stroke
in
Churchill
in
1953.


Achievements

- 1952
-
Eden
signed
a
treaty
with
EDC.


o Extending
Britain's
military
support.
As
well
as
making
it
clear

Britain
would
work
with
the
EDC,
with
a
respective…

Page 3

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o Reasoning

! British
attitudes

· Britain
didn't
wish
to
be
part
of
any
larger
political

body
that
couldn't
change
laws
above
the

government

· `splendid
isolationism
had
been
dominant
up
until

the
world
wars

! Due
to
Marshal
aid,
there
were
fewer
concerns
for

integration
after
the
war,
so…

Page 4

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! Malaya
was
economically
important
as
a
producer
of
tin

and
rubber

o Further
changes

! Malaya
was
granted
independence
in
August
1957

- Nationalists
movements
in
other
colonies
in
Africa
and
the
West
Indies

o Events

! Increasing
calls
for
independence


! Tended
to
be
organised
and
on
a…

Page 5

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o Churchill
cherished
the
`special
relationship'
with
the
USA.
He
was

half-American.
He
hoped
for
a
relationship
between
the
USA
and

the
Commonwealth.
He
thought
this
would
protect
the
world
from

the
USSR.


o "The
most
vital
role
of
the
prime
minister
is
to
give
a
sense
of

direction
to…

Page 6

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- Didn't
join
Europe

o Britain
was
offered
to
take
part
in
the
1955
Messina
conference
on

the
further
of
the
European
community,
but
pulled
out.

o Although,
in
October
1956
did
propose
OEEC,
a
free
trade
area

with
no
common
external
tariff
and
where
food
stuffs
were

excluded,
but…

Page 7

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o October
Selwyn
Lloyd
and
Egyptian
foreign
minister
made
`Six

principles'
for
negotiation,
and
all
seemed
well,
but
compromise

was
not
on
the
cards
in
Britain.

o Sevres
Protocol,
24
October
1956,
signed
by
the
British,
French

and
Israel
to
effectively
create
a
war
in
the
Middle
East,
in
order…

Page 8

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o British
expertise
were
required
for
things
like
oil

- Eden
didn't
even
have
a
pretence
left

o By
the
arrival
a
ceasefire
was
underway,
with
both
sides
having

agreed.

- There
was
no
prevention
of
USSR
involvement

o By
disturbing
Egypt
there
was
no
way
of
discouraging
states
from…

Page 9

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o A.
Wood

! Argues
the
main
positive
consequence
of
Suez
was
Edward

Heath
being
so
persistent
in
joining
the
European
Economic

Community'.


! Suez
proved
that
`the
sun
had
set
on
the
British
empire'.




Harold
Macmillan
1957-1963


Foreign
secretaries

- Selwyn
Lloyd
(Start-
July
1960)

- Earl
Douglas-Home
(July…

Page 10

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Reasons
for
decolonisation

- Economic


o Macmillan
set
up
at
`profit
and
loss'
account
for
each
colony
in

order
to
understand
the
cost
implications
for
Britain
of
giving
each

colony
independence.



o Although
analysis
was
inconclusive,
it
often
seemed
more

expensive
(at
least
in
the
short
term)
to
give
independence.…

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