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History Revision
Year 10 ­ mocks…read more

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12 key dates for American West (1)
1. 1837 ­ financial crisis in Eastern America
· Economy of Eastern America collapsed
· Unemployment rose, as did crime
· Major PUSH factor for people going West
2. 1844 ­ death of Joseph Smith
· JS ­ founder of Mormon religion
· Jailed and shot (by a mod of non-Mormons) in 1884 ­ while escaping from jail
3. 1848 ­ gold was discovered in California
· January 1848 - discovery of gold
· 50,000 miners went across the plains to California
· Those in search of gold = `49 errs…read more

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12 key dates for American West (2)
4. 1851 ­first fort Laramie Treaty
· Plains Indians agreed to stay away from wagon trail
· US army had to give Indians annual payments
5. 1862 ­ the Homesteaders act
· Gave Americans 160 acres of land for small registration fee
· Encouraging Americans to move to the West of America and become Homesteaders
6. 1864 ­ Sand Creek Massacre
· Led by Colonel Chivington ­ soldiers massacred 100's of men,
· women and children (Indians) camping at Sand Creek
· Showed the lengths that the US army were willing to got to gain control of Great Plains…read more

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12 key dates for American West (3)
7. Goodnight and Loving set up first cattle trail
· Taking cattle frim Texas to Colorado
· After civil war ­ cattle numbers had increased massively
· Cows were transported on railways to places like New York and Chicago
8. 1868 ­ the second Fort Laramie Treaty
· Gave Sioux control of black hills (sacred) area `forever'
· Marked the start of the government's Indian reservation policy
9. 1889 ­ the completion of the Transcontinental Railway
· Easily travel across the country
· Decreased journey time ­ going West ­ quicker by railroad then travelling by wagon across
the continent…read more

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12 key dates for American West (4)
10. 876 ­ the Battle of little Bighorn
· Between Sioux Indians and the US army
· 2nd fort Laramie broken ­ US tried to build railroad across black hills
· Custer + 7th Calvary send to protect black hills and discovered gold
· Indians left the reservation ­ led by Sitting Bull ­ US get Indians back
11. 1887 ­ the end of the Open Range
· Because of overgrazing (limited grass supplies), scare water and flooded markets
12. 1890 ­ the Battle of wounded knee
· Indians adopted `Ghost Dance'
· Sitting Bull killed by Indian
· big foot Sioux massacred in show at wounded knee
· Marked at end of Indians resistance to US control of Great Plains…read more

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Topic 1 ­ Plains Indians…read more

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