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Types of war

Civil: Wars that are fought in the same country between different groups.

World: Wars where countries from all over the world fight each other.

Nuclear: Wars where nuclear weapons are involved - the main weapons.

Terrorism: Terrorist acts making political points. Targets are organized e.g. airports.

Proxy: Wars where bigger countries don’t fight each other but support smaller ones.

Revolutionary: A large group of people in a country go against the rulers.

Religion: When people of different religion fight each other through different beliefs.

Guerilla: Small group within a country raids and ambushes larger groups.

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- War (Causes, types, reasons, the cost, weapons used, tactics etc.)
- World War I & II (Leaders, who won etc.)
- Is war justifiable?
- Pearl Harbour (Causes,events, impacts, effects and consequences)
- The burmese death railway (POW)
- Invasion of Malaya
- Nazi Germany and Holocaust of Jews (Ghettoisation, Kristallnacht, Propaganda of Jews)


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Reasons for war

Resources: Wars have sometimes been fought over resources like the loss of oil in the Middle East.

Land: Wars have also been fought over religion like the Religious Crusades.

Trade: Sometimes countries have fought over trade, for instance the English and Dutch fought over a number of trade routes.

Independence: Wars have been fought by people who wish to gain their freedom from a country that controls them, like The American War of Independence.

Recognition: So other countries know them better and would fear them and they would not interfere with any upcoming invasions

Power: To fight and gain control over another county.

Moral Reason: Countries will sometimes attack others to defend the weak from violence.


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The cost of war 1

Why do wars cost s lot of money?

- Because you would need to get weapons or even get iron to make the weapons. And then the transportation as well: tanks, aircrafts, battleships, submarines etc. And also nuclear bombs, bombs, canons, misiles etc. are very expensive as the bombs have been provided by explosive experts. The gun powder in bombs are made with acids and other materials that cost a lot of money. Fuel of transportation: oil, coal, diesel etc. You would also need to provide food for the soldiers.

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The cost of war 2

Why do you think that some countries choose to spend so much on their armed forces?

- Because the soldiers would need a military uniform and most probably bulletproof vests. The military leader would need to give a salary to the soldiers for being so patriotic and helpful. The government also needs tpo deal with insuarance policies and pay for their safety. You would need to provide the soldiers everyday necessities: food, shelter etc. Training has the biggest impact as the trainers need to be authorised and that would cost quite a lot of money. The more training given to the soldiers, the better they will fight and the more confidence they have in themselves.

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The cost of war 3

Why do you think some people believe spending large amounts of money on weapons is wrong?

- Because human costs, treatment on diseases, food and water and hospital fees. If they have spent most of their money on weapons, there woudn't be any money left for human care.

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How are wars and battles won?

These are the main tactics and strategies used to win a battle:

Fake Retreat: To pull an enemy away from their strong and well defended position by pretending to retreat. Then as enemy soldiers follow your troops and relax a bit, you turn around and attack while they're unprepared.

Defend then attack: To manoeuvre your army into a great defensive position. Then you either wait and defend your position, or skilfully attack your enemy time and time again, weakening their forces to the point where they are defeated.

Envelopment: To surround and encircle that enemy. If an enemy force is encircled it can be starved or starved out of supplies. The enemy forces then have only three options: fight their way out, surrender or fight to the death.

Uproar east, attack west: The plan here is to make the enemy believe you are going to attack in pne particular place (uproar east) but to actually attack in a complete different place (attack west).

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Is war justifiable?

War CAN be justified if 100,000 people have to save the lives of 20-30 million people, when you defend yourself against an invading army, when it's waged against an evil leader to get rid of people to stop murder.

War CAN'T be justified when it leads to many innocent people to die, wars are caused by Politicians, Queens and Kings and not us, when the value of human life is so high, nothing can justify killing other people, when the future of the human race is at risk if a fighting nation gets hold of nuclear weapons and use them.

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Similarities and differences between WWI & WWII

World War I -  Conflict between Hungary and Serbia, July 28 1914 - November 11 1918 (4 years).

- Airplanes could fly up to 143 mph with 2 machine guns.

- They fought from lines of trenches and supported by artillery and machine guns, infantry assault, tanks, early airplanes and poison gas.

- 17 millions of Deaths.

World War II - Conflict between United Kingdom and Germany, September 1, 1939 - September 2 1945 (6 years).

- Airplanes could fly up to 1,025 mph with 2 bombs and 8 machine guns.

- Nuclear power and missiles were created and used, modern concepts of convert and special operations. Submarines and tanks were also more heavily used.

- 60 millions of Deaths.

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Causes of Pearl Harbour attack

- Japan hoped that the attack would show the Americans the Japanesse military strength.

- Japan needed raw materials from America.

- The Americans were supporting the Chinese, who was invaded by Japan. Japan wished to get the first strike feeling that war was inevitable.

- America provoked Japan into war by imposing trade sanctions and making impossible commands.

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Invasion of Malaya

Japan invaded: Hong Kong, Korea, Manchukuo, Burma, Thailand, Malaya, Sumatra, Hainan, Formosa, Philipines, Sarawak, Java, New Guinea, Celebas, Indochina and Borneo.

Why was SE Asia so important to Japan?

- Because as SE Asia has the most natural resources. For example: oil, tin, rubber, coal atc. Malaya produced 38% of world's rubber and 58% of the world's tin.

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The Burmese death railway

POW: Prisoner of war

Why did the Japanese need the 'Death Railway'?

- To carry supplies for the Japanese fores in Burma.

- To bypass sea routes which became vulnerable 

- When the railway finished, the Japanese planned to attack British in India.

Why was it calle the 'Death Railway'?

- Aiming to finish the railway as quickly as possible, the Japanese decided to use more than 60000 prisoners who had fallen into their hands. The troop swere from the British Empire, Dutch and colonial personnel from the Netherlands East Indies.

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