Sunni and Shia Notes - GCSE OCR

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  • Created on: 26-03-13 12:27
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Sunni = 90% Shia = 10%
Salat - Pray 5x a day Salat - Pray 3x a day
Perform Wudu before prayer - Have a different call to
Salat-Al-Jumu'ah is prayer
compulsory - Salat-Al-Jumu'ah isn't
- Head place on hardened clay
Sawm ­ Can eat as soon as sun goes Sawm ­ Can eat as soon as sun has
down fully set
Mourn Ali for 3 days as
martyred on the 20th of
Zakat ­ Pay the state Zakat ­ Pay the Religious leader
Pilgrimage - Hajj Pilgrimage ­ Hajj
- Ziyara ( Visit 12 tombs
of imams and celebrate Ali)
Authority ­ Accept the authority of the Authority ­ The Shahadah is
Qur'an as the words of Allah, and of the different, including Ali as the friend
Sunnah recorded in the Hadiths which of Allah.
can be traced back to Muhammad. - They reject the
authority of the first 3 Khalifahs.
-There is a secret
knowledge contained in the Qur'an,
which was told to Ali by Muhammad,
and that his has been passed down
through their Imams.
-Hadiths are only
accepted if they have been
transmitted through Shiah Muslims.
-Their Imams have
special divine authority. They did
not sin and could perform miracles.
-The death of Husayn can
bring them salvation from their sins
and entry into heaven.

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Law - They both follow Shari'ah law Law - They also consult the hadith of
Ali as well of those of Muhammad.
-They are not allowed to eat any
food prepared by Christians or Jews.
-They are allowed to pretend to
be a Sunni or Christian if this will
prevent them from being persecuted,
this is called taqiyya.…read more

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The Four "Rashidin"( Rightly-Guided) Khalifahs
·During the first 30 years after the death of Muhammad, the
Muslims were governed, in turn, by four Khalifahs who had all
been close to the Prophet. They were known as the four
`Rashidin' (rightly-guided) Khalifahs.
Abu Bakr 632-634 ce
·He was 2 years younger than Muhammad and belonged to the
same original clan.…read more

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Ali 656-661 ce
·24 years after the death of Muhammad, Ali finally becomes
·Shia Muslims are named after the Shia (party) of Ali.
·They refuse to call him the fourth Khalifah because they do not
accept the validity of the first three.
·They call Ali the first Imam.
·Ali's appointment was not accepted by everyone and so civil war
broke out. A'isha (Muhammad's youngest wife) opposed the
election of Ali.…read more

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Hasan and Husayn (The sons of Ali)
·Mu'awiya (the governer of Syria and the cousin of Uthman)
became the Khalifah for Sunni Muslims.
·Shia Muslims believe that after his death, the authority of Ali
passed to his son Hasan who became their second Imam.
·The word `Imam' is used differently by Shias, it means `the
divinely appointed leader of the community'.
·Hasan was forced to renounce this position. Husayn (his
brother) become the third Shia Imam.…read more

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For Shia Muslims, this day is especially important as they
remember the death of Husayn by mourning for the first 10 days
of Muharram.…read more


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